Document Detail

Increased Blood-Brain Barrier Permeability on Perfusion Computed Tomography Predicts Hemorrhagic Transformation in Acute Ischemic Stroke.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  24853726     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
Background/Purpose: Perfusion computed tomography (CT) is capable of measuring the permeability surface product (PS). PS reflects the permeability of the blood-brain barrier, involved in the pathophysiology of hemorrhagic transformation (HT) of ischemic stroke. The aim of our study was to determine if an increased PS can predict HT. Methods: A total of 86 patients with ischemic stroke were included. They underwent multimodality CT, including the measurement of PS. We compared the clinical and radiological characteristics of patients who developed HT to those who did not, using univariate analysis. Multivariate regression analyses were then used to determine HT predictors. Results: HT was observed in 27 patients (31%). Infarct PS was significantly associated with HT (p = 0.047), as were atrial fibrillation (p = 0.03), admission National Institute of Health Stroke Scale score (p = 0.02), infarct volume (p = 0.0004), presence of large-vessel occlusion (p = 0.0005) and a poorer collateral status (p = 0.003). Using logistic regression modeling, an infarct PS >0.84 ml/100 g/min was an independent predictor of HT (OR 28, 95% CI 1.75-452.98; p = 0.02). Other independent predictors of HT were infarct volume and a history of atrial fibrillation. Conclusions: Our findings suggest that infarct PS can be a predictor of HT and may help clinicians to improve patient care around thrombolysis decisions in the acute phase of ischemic stroke. © 2014 S. Karger AG, Basel.
Ozlem Ozkul-Wermester; Evelyne Guegan-Massardier; Aude Triquenot; Alaina Borden; Guillaume Perot; Emmanuel Gérardin
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Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2014-5-20
Journal Detail:
Title:  European neurology     Volume:  72     ISSN:  1421-9913     ISO Abbreviation:  Eur. Neurol.     Publication Date:  2014 May 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2014-5-23     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0150760     Medline TA:  Eur Neurol     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  45-53     Citation Subset:  -    
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