Document Detail

Increase in suicide by hanging/suffocation in the U.S., 2000-2010.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  23332330     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
BACKGROUND: Recently, suicide exceeded motor vehicle crashes as the leading cause of injury death in the U.S. However, details of this change in suicide methods and the relationship to individual demographics, such as age and societal influences, have not been reported.
PURPOSE: To determine the characteristics of the changes in suicide rates between 2000 and 2010.
METHODS: Data came from CDC's Web-Based Injury Statistics Query and Reporting System (WISQARS™). Line charts were plotted to reveal changes in suicide rates by firearm, poisoning, and hanging/suffocation (ICD-10 codes: X72-X74, X60-X69, and X70). The measure of change used is the percentage change in suicide rate between 2000 and 2010.
RESULTS: The overall suicide rate increased from 10.4 to 12.1 per 100,000 population between 2000 and 2010, a 16% increase. The majority of the increase was attributable to suicide by hanging/suffocation (52%) and by poisoning (19%). Subgroup analysis showed: (1) suicide by hanging/suffocation increased by 104% among those aged 45-59 years and rose steadily in all age groups except those aged ≥70 years; (2) the largest increase in suicide by poisoning (85%) occurred among those aged 60-69 years; and (3) suicide by firearm decreased by 24% among those aged 15-24 years but increased by 22% among those aged 45-59 years. The case fatality rates for suicide by hanging/suffocation during 2000-2010 ranged from 69% to 84%, close to those for suicide by firearm. Analyses were conducted in 2012.
CONCLUSIONS: Substantial increases in suicide by hanging/suffocation and poisoning merit attention from policymakers and call for innovations and changes in suicide prevention approaches.
Susan P Baker; Guoqing Hu; Holly C Wilcox; Timothy D Baker
Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't; Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.    
Journal Detail:
Title:  American journal of preventive medicine     Volume:  44     ISSN:  1873-2607     ISO Abbreviation:  Am J Prev Med     Publication Date:  2013 Feb 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2013-01-21     Completed Date:  2013-06-27     Revised Date:  2014-05-19    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8704773     Medline TA:  Am J Prev Med     Country:  Netherlands    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  146-9     Citation Subset:  IM    
Copyright Information:
Copyright © 2013 American Journal of Preventive Medicine. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.
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MeSH Terms
Age Distribution
Asphyxia / epidemiology*
Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (U.S.)
Databases, Factual
Middle Aged
Poisoning / epidemiology*
Population Surveillance
Suicide / statistics & numerical data*,  trends
United States / epidemiology
Wounds, Gunshot / epidemiology*
Young Adult
Grant Support

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine

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