Document Detail


Increase in blood pressure with enhanced Na+, K+ -ATPase activity in stroke-prone spontaneously hypertensive rats after 4-weeks intake of rapeseed oil as the sole dietary fat.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  11068856     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
Twenty stroke-prone spontaneously hypertensive rats were divided into 2 groups of 10 animals each, and fed a defatted diet and orally administered rapeseed (canola) oil or soybean oil at 10 (w/w)% of the consumed diet once a day for 4 weeks. At the 4th week of administration, the systolic blood pressure in the canola oil group was higher (235 +/- 2 mmHg, mean +/- S.E.M., N=10) than that in the soybean oil group (225 +/- 4 mmHg, N=10, P<0.05). In isolated, perfused mesenteric bed from these rats, the increase in perfusion pressure by norepinephrine, ATP, arachidonic acid, endothelin-1, angiotensin II or serotonin showed no between-group differences. There were also no between-group differences in the production of thromboxane A2 and prostaglandin 12 in the outflow by arachidonic acid injection. On the other hand, in the isolated aortic ring from the canola oil group, developed tension in potassium-free solution was enhanced with activation of Na+, K+ -ATPase. These results suggest that canola oil intake as the sole dietary fat increases systolic blood pressure of stroke-prone spontaneously hypertensive rats. The changes in vascular responsiveness to vasoconstrictors and production of prostanoids are unlikely to have relevance to the elevation of blood pressure. However, altered Na+, K+ -ATPase activity may play a role in the promotion of blood pressure elevation.
Authors:
Y Naito; C Konishi; H Katsumura; N Ohara
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Pharmacology & toxicology     Volume:  87     ISSN:  0901-9928     ISO Abbreviation:  Pharmacol. Toxicol.     Publication Date:  2000 Sep 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2001-02-15     Completed Date:  2001-02-15     Revised Date:  2007-11-15    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8702180     Medline TA:  Pharmacol Toxicol     Country:  DENMARK    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  144-8     Citation Subset:  IM    
Affiliation:
Department of Pharmacology, Hatano Research Institute, Food and Drug Safety Center, Hadano, Kanagawa, Japan.
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
6-Ketoprostaglandin F1 alpha / analysis
Animals
Blood Pressure / drug effects*
Dietary Fats / administration & dosage*
Enzyme-Linked Immunosorbent Assay
Male
Muscle, Smooth, Vascular / drug effects,  enzymology*
Plant Oils / administration & dosage,  pharmacology*
Rats
Rats, Inbred SHR
Sodium-Potassium-Exchanging ATPase / metabolism*
Thromboxane B2 / analysis
Chemical
Reg. No./Substance:
0/Dietary Fats; 0/Plant Oils; 54397-85-2/Thromboxane B2; 58962-34-8/6-Ketoprostaglandin F1 alpha; 8002-13-9/rapeseed oil; EC 3.6.3.9/Sodium-Potassium-Exchanging ATPase

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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