Document Detail

Inclusion of individuals with special needs in regular education: a literature review.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  22460380     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
PURPOSE: To critically analyze the inclusion of individuals with special needs in regular education in Brazil, considering social and legal aspects, through literature review.
RESEARCH STRATEGY: The literature search was conducted in open access databases: LILACS, SciELO, Portal Cochrane and IUSDATA, the latter belonging to the Library of the Law School of the University of São Paulo, considering all articles published until December 2010. The search strategy used the following keywords: inclusive education; special education; inclusive proposal; individuals with special needs.
SELECTION CRITERIA: In the search, only studies in which the summary or the body of the article were related to the purpose of the study were evaluated and selected.
DATA ANALYSIS: The potentially relevant articles for review were presented in a protocol form containing the eligibility criteria of the study, methods used, characteristics of the analyzed group or manuscripts, type of intervention used in the study, and results obtained. Articles classified as expert opinions, despite their low level of scientific evidence, were considered in this work, since they are often found in the literature on the issue.
RESULTS: A total of 1,399 articles was found and 120 potentially relevant articles were selected after reading their abstracts. From these, 67 articles were cited in more than one database, which resulted in 53 articles to be fully read. Fifteen of these articles were excluded after reading because they did not meet the inclusion criteria. Thus, 38 studies were included and analyzed.
CONCLUSION: Following a critical analysis of the literature in the field, it was concluded that, so far, in general, the school receives individuals with special needs; however, there is a long way to go to actually include these individuals, although Brazil has the scope of inclusion. Therefore, it is necessary to establish public policies and guidelines aimed at effective inclusion.
Fabiana Trevisani Silva; Eduardo Augusto Vella Gonçalves; Kátia de Freitas Alvarenga
Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't; Review    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Jornal da Sociedade Brasileira de Fonoaudiologia     Volume:  24     ISSN:  2179-6491     ISO Abbreviation:  J Soc Bras Fonoaudiol     Publication Date:  2012  
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2012-03-30     Completed Date:  2012-10-16     Revised Date:  2013-11-06    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  101556333     Medline TA:  J Soc Bras Fonoaudiol     Country:  Brazil    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng; por     Pagination:  96-103     Citation Subset:  IM    
Law School, Fundação Educacional do Município de Assis, Assis (SP), Brazil.
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MeSH Terms
Disabled Persons / education*
Mainstreaming (Education) / legislation & jurisprudence*
Social Adjustment*

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