Document Detail

Incidence of use of Acid suppression medications in infants with oral clefting.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  20187739     Owner:  NLM     Status:  In-Data-Review    
Abstract Objective: Less than 1% of the general pediatric population needs pharmacologic therapy for reflux symptoms; yet, the co-existence of gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD) with oral clefting remains unclear. The purpose of this retrospective study was to appreciate the difference in the incidence of anti-GERD pharmacotherapy in a sample population of infants with oral clefting compared to the general pediatric population. Materials and Methods: One hundred ninety-six consecutive patients diagnosed with cleft lip only, cleft lip and palate, and isolated cleft palate were analyzed through clinical record review. Demographic and clinical information including but not limited to the type of oral cleft present at birth, reported signs and symptoms of GERD, and anti-GERD medications used were compiled for all subjects. Collected data were analyzed using descriptive statistics. Results: Sixty-four (33%) of 196 infants with oral clefts had documented signs and symptoms of GERD. Nine percent (18 of 196) of the subjects received anti-GERD medications. The infant subgroup with treated GERD consisted of 11 out of 62 (18%) patients with isolated cleft palate, 5 of 112 (4.5%) with cleft lip and palate, and 2 of 17 (11%) with cleft lip only. Conclusions: The incidence of anti-GERD pharmacologic therapy among infants with oral clefts (9%) is significantly higher than among the general pediatric population (<1%). Furthermore, palatal clefts impart a greater risk of GERD symptoms than clefts of the alveolus, lip, or nose. In order to minimize the long-term consequences of GERD, a standardized interdisciplinary clinical protocol is necessary for evaluating infants with oral clefts.
Peter F Koltz; Frank P Albino; Brad Hyatt; Robert A Fargione; Evan Katzel; John A Girotto
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  The Cleft palate-craniofacial journal : official publication of the American Cleft Palate-Craniofacial Association     Volume:  47     ISSN:  1545-1569     ISO Abbreviation:  Cleft Palate Craniofac. J.     Publication Date:  2010 Sep 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2010-09-08     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  9102566     Medline TA:  Cleft Palate Craniofac J     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  530-3     Citation Subset:  D; IM    
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