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Incidence of subclinical atherosclerosis in asymptomatic type-2 diabetic patients: the potential of multi-slice computed tomography coronary angiography.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  20881481     Owner:  NLM     Status:  In-Process    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Type-2 diabetic patients constitute a high-risk population for atherosclerosis. Primary prevention, although recommended, is not well funded. Our aim was to evaluate the degree of subclinical atherosclerosis, in asymptomatic diabetic patients, using coronary multi-slice computed tomography (MSCT) angiography.
METHODS: We prospectively studied 71 diabetic patients without any symptoms or documentation of atherosclerotic disease. Coronary MSCT angiography was performed in all patients and coronary artery calcium score (CACS) was evaluated. The number of diseased coronary segments was determined and classified as obstructive or nonobstructive and fibrolipid or calcified lesions. The mean follow-up was 29.5±6.6 months. Major adverse cardiovascular events were registered.
RESULTS: The mean age was 59±10 years, 48% were female patients. The duration of diabetes was 12.5±8.7 years. CACS ranged from 0 to 1293 Agatston units (153±269.1). Image quality was generally good, allowing satisfactory evaluation of most of the coronary artery segments. CACS was 0 in 28 patients, but in nine patients MSCT angiography showed fibrolipid plaques. Obstructive coronary artery disease was present in 26.7% of the patients (5.6% with multivessel disease). During the follow-up period, six major adverse cardiovascular events were detected in patients, five of whom had a CACS more than 100 Agatston units.
CONCLUSION: This study shows a high prevalence of silent atherosclerotic lesions in type-2 diabetic patients, reinforcing the importance of risk factor modification even when calcified disease is absent. Coronary MSCT angiography can be performed to identify the atherosclerotic burden and may be an important test in selecting the patients who are benefiting the most from primary prevention.
Authors:
Joana D Silva; Paula Mota; Álvaro Coelho; Rui Catarino; António Leitão-Marques
Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Coronary artery disease     Volume:  22     ISSN:  1473-5830     ISO Abbreviation:  Coron. Artery Dis.     Publication Date:  2011 Jan 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2010-12-16     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  9011445     Medline TA:  Coron Artery Dis     Country:  England    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  26-31     Citation Subset:  IM    
Affiliation:
Department of Cardiology, Coimbra's Hospital Centre, Coimbra, Portugal. joanadelgadosilva@gmail.com
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