Document Detail


Incidence and significance of chronotropic incompetence in patients with indications for primary pacemaker implantation or pacemaker replacement.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  10527009     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
This prospective study was undertaken to evaluate the incidence and significance of chronotropic incompetence in 211 patients [age 71.1 6 10.6 years (mean 6 SD)] by means of maximum exercise test in order to determine the indication for rate-responsive pacing before primary pacemaker implantation (147 patients) or pacemaker replacement (64 patients). There were 112 (53%) patients with second- or third-degree AV block, 63 (30%) with sick sinus syndrome, and 36 (17%) with chronic atrial fibrillation. Chronotropic incompetence was defined as maximum heart rate lower than age-adjusted norm calculated by the formula: 0.7x(220 - age) and its significance as the difference between the two rates. The overall incidence of chronotropic incompetence was 42%. The incidence was significantly higher in patients with atrial fibrillation (67%, P<0.0005) and sick sinus syndrome (49%, P<0.012) than in those with AV block (30%). The mean difference between maximum heart rate and the age-adjusted norm was 18% (range 2%-63%). The mean difference was significantly higher in patients with atrial fibrillation (27%, range 8-63%) than in those with sick sinus syndrome (19%, range 2%-45%, P<0.01), or with AV block (12%, range 6%-26%, P<0.000001). The rate-responsive pacemakers were implanted in 44% of 211 patients studied and in 43% of 196 patients excluded from the study due to the apparent (contra)indication of rate-responsive pacing (NS). Thus, chronotropic incompetence seems to be common in the pacemaker patient population. The highest incidence and significance was found in patients with chronic atrial fibrillation. Systematic evaluation of chronotropic competence can double the rate of implantation of rate-responsive pacemakers; however, further studies are needed to clarify relation between the significance of chronotropic incompetence and functional benefit of rate-responsive pacing.
Authors:
J Lukl; V Doupal; E Sovová; L Lubena
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Pacing and clinical electrophysiology : PACE     Volume:  22     ISSN:  0147-8389     ISO Abbreviation:  Pacing Clin Electrophysiol     Publication Date:  1999 Sep 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  1999-11-15     Completed Date:  1999-11-15     Revised Date:  2004-11-17    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  7803944     Medline TA:  Pacing Clin Electrophysiol     Country:  UNITED STATES    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  1284-91     Citation Subset:  IM    
Affiliation:
1st Medical Department, University Hospital, Olomouc, Czech Republic.
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Aged
Atrial Fibrillation / physiopathology,  therapy
Exercise Test
Female
Heart Block / physiopathology,  therapy
Heart Rate
Humans
Male
Pacemaker, Artificial*
Prospective Studies
Sick Sinus Syndrome / physiopathology,  therapy

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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