Document Detail


Incidence and risk factors of cognitive impairment 3 months after first-ever stroke: A cross-sectional study of 5 geographic areas of China.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  23271295     Owner:  NLM     Status:  In-Data-Review    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
This study examined the incidence, neuropsychological characteristics and risk factors of cognitive impairment 3 months after stroke in China. Five regions that differed in geography and economy in China were selected. Patients from the hospitals located in the five regions were prescreened at admission, and the demographic data, vascular risk factors and clinical characteristics of stroke were obtained. A battery of cognitive-specific domain tests was performed in the patients who failed to pass cognitive screening 3 months post stroke. Patients were diagnosed as having post-stroke cognitive impairment (PSCI) or no cognitive impairment (NCI) based on the results of the neuropsychological tests. Univariate analysis was performed for suspect risk factors, and significant variables were entered in multivariable logistic regression analysis. Our results showed that a total of 633 patients were recruited 3 months after stroke; complete cognitive tests were performed in 577 of the stroke patients. The incidence of PSCI in these Chinese patients was 30.7%. There were 129 (22.4%) patients with visuospatial impairment, 67 (11.6%) with executive impairment, 60 (10.4%) with memory impairment and 18 (3.1%) with attention impairment. The risk factors associated with PSCI were older age (odds ratio [OR] 1.76, 95% confidence interval [CI] 1.20-2.58), low education level (OR 2.45, 95% CI 1.65-3.64), depressive symptom (OR 1.69, 95% CI 1.09-2.61), obesity (OR 2.57, 95% CI 1.41-4.71), stroke severity 3 months post stroke (OR 1.62, 95%CI 1.10-2.37) and cortex lesion (OR 1.55, 95% CI 1.04-2.31). It was concluded that PSCI occurs commonly 3 months after first-ever stroke in Chinese patients. Visuospatial ability may be the most frequently impaired cognitive domain for the patients with stroke. The critical risk factors of PSCI are older age, low education level, depressive symptom, obesity, stroke severity 3 months post stroke and cortex lesion.
Authors:
Yong Zhang; Zhenxin Zhang; Baiyu Yang; Yanfeng Li; Qi Zhang; Qiumin Qu; Yanping Wang; Shihong Zhang; Weidong Yue; Yuhui Tan; Baorong Zhang; Tao Xu
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article     Date:  2012-12-28
Journal Detail:
Title:  Journal of Huazhong University of Science and Technology. Medical sciences = Hua zhong ke ji da xue xue bao. Yi xue Ying De wen ban = Huazhong keji daxue xuebao. Yixue Yingdewen ban     Volume:  32     ISSN:  1672-0733     ISO Abbreviation:  J. Huazhong Univ. Sci. Technol. Med. Sci.     Publication Date:  2012 Dec 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2012-12-28     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  101169627     Medline TA:  J Huazhong Univ Sci Technolog Med Sci     Country:  China    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  906-11     Citation Subset:  IM    
Affiliation:
Department of Neurology, Liyuan Hospital, Tongji Medical College, Huazhong University of Science and Technology, Wuhan, 430077, China, ziyuanhua66@126.com.
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