Document Detail


Incidence and prevalence of non-specific symptoms and behavioural changes in infants under the age of two years.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  7702884     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
BACKGROUND: The incidence and prevalence of non-specific symptoms in a group of normally healthy infants have not previously been investigated. The relationship of such symptoms to the risk of sudden unexplained infant death has been explored. AIM: This study set out to assess the usually unreported minor morbidity occurring in infants under the age of two years in a defined community. METHOD: Diary cards were completed by mothers for 323 infants on a daily basis for up to two years from birth. Analysis of the diary card data allowed the incidence and prevalence of behavioural changes and non-specific symptoms to be determined, together with the duration of the episodes of symptoms and the frequency and timing of consultations with health visitors and doctors. RESULTS: Non-specific symptoms and behavioural changes occurred commonly in this age group. Upper respiratory symptoms were especially prevalent. Episodes of symptoms relating to particular body systems tended to be of longer duration while behavioural changes tended to be of shorter duration. Parents managed 67% to 99% of infants' health problems without requiring a consultation. Parents often delayed four or five days before consulting their doctor for symptoms in conditions which could be judged to be 'normal' for the child such as some respiratory conditions, but behavioural changes and fever led to consultations on the second day on average. CONCLUSION: The prevalence of the symptoms reported here should provide the setting for any discussion of their use as indicators of serious illness in infancy or the risk of sudden unexplained infant death.
Authors:
C O Holme
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't    
Journal Detail:
Title:  The British journal of general practice : the journal of the Royal College of General Practitioners     Volume:  45     ISSN:  0960-1643     ISO Abbreviation:  Br J Gen Pract     Publication Date:  1995 Feb 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  1995-05-11     Completed Date:  1995-05-11     Revised Date:  2010-03-24    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  9005323     Medline TA:  Br J Gen Pract     Country:  ENGLAND    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  65-9     Citation Subset:  IM    
Affiliation:
Salisbury District Hospital.
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Acute Disease / epidemiology*,  psychology
Child Behavior*
Child, Preschool
England / epidemiology
Female
Humans
Incidence
Infant
Infant, Newborn
Male
Pilot Projects
Prevalence
Respiratory Tract Diseases / epidemiology
Risk Factors
Comments/Corrections
Comment In:
Br J Gen Pract. 1995 Jul;45(396):383-4   [PMID:  7612346 ]

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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