Document Detail


Incidence and outcomes of out-of-hospital cardiac arrest with shock-resistant ventricular fibrillation: Data from a large population-based cohort.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  20653086     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
BACKGROUND: The increasing survival rates after out-of-hospital cardiac arrests (OHCA) are due mainly to improvements in the first 3 steps of the chain of survival. The aim of this study was to describe the temporal trends of OHCA incidence and outcomes with shock-resistant ventricular fibrillation (VF) requiring advanced life support procedures. METHODS: All our subjects were persons aged 18 years or more who had suffered OHCA of presumed cardiac etiology, were witnessed by bystanders, treated by emergency medical service (EMS), and had VF as initial rhythm. Our study was conducted in Osaka Prefecture, Japan from May 1, 1998 through December 31, 2006. Data were collected by EMS personnel using an Utstein-style database. We evaluated the temporal trends of incidence and outcomes of shock-resistant VF. RESULTS: During the study period, there were 8782 witnessed OHCA cases of presumed cardiac etiology. Among them, 1733 had VF as an initial rhythm, 392 of whom were shock-resistant. While the age-adjusted annual incidence of witnessed VF increased from 2.0 to 3.3 per 100,000 inhabitants, that of shock-resistant VF underwent little change during the study period. The proportion of shock-resistant VF among witnessed VF decreased from 37.0% to 19.0%. Neurologically intact 1-month survival rates after shock-resistant VF remained low at 5.6% even in 2006. CONCLUSION: The actual incidence of shock-resistant VF has remained unchanged, and their outcomes continue to be dismal. Further efforts are required to reduce the mortality rates of such shock-resistant VF to achieve improved survival after OHCA.
Authors:
Tomohiko Sakai; Taku Iwami; Osamu Tasaki; Takashi Kawamura; Yasuyuki Hayashi; Hiroshi Rinka; Yasuo Ohishi; Tomoyoshi Mohri; Masafumi Kishimoto; Tatsuya Nishiuchi; Kentaro Kajino; Hisatake Matsumoto; Toshifumi Uejima; Masahiko Nitta; Chizuka Shiokawa; Hisashi Ikeuchi; Atsushi Hiraide; Hisashi Sugimoto; Yasuyuki Kuwagata
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Comparative Study; Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Resuscitation     Volume:  81     ISSN:  1873-1570     ISO Abbreviation:  Resuscitation     Publication Date:  2010 Aug 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2010-07-22     Completed Date:  2010-11-04     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0332173     Medline TA:  Resuscitation     Country:  Ireland    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  956-61     Citation Subset:  IM    
Affiliation:
Department of Traumatology and Acute Critical Medicine, Osaka University Graduate School of Medicine, 2-15 Yamada-Oka, Suita City, Osaka 565-0871, Japan.
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Electric Countershock*
Emergency Medical Services / statistics & numerical data*
Female
Heart Arrest / epidemiology*,  etiology
Humans
Incidence
Japan / epidemiology
Male
Middle Aged
Population Surveillance*
Retrospective Studies
Survival Rate / trends
Ventricular Fibrillation / complications*,  epidemiology,  therapy

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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