Document Detail


Incidence of laxative abuse in community and bulimic populations: a descriptive review.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  7773258     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
Estimates of the incidence of laxative abuse in bulimics and in the community-at-large vary widely for various population samples. This review identified 73 studies in which laxative abuse could be assessed in bulimics, nonbulimics, and the community-at-large. Relative risk values for laxative abuse among population subsamples were estimated by moment methods statistical procedure based on mixed model analysis. Results indicated that the lifetime occurrence for laxative abuse behavior in the community-at-large was 4.18%. Bulimic behavior increased the risk for laxative abuse 3.57-fold to 14.94%. Several methodologic and population parameter characteristics are examined for their select impact on laxative abuse. Review of medical nomenclature for classifying laxative substances, iatragenic effects of laxative abuse, and assessment recommendations are also included.
Authors:
D M Neims; J McNeill; T R Giles; F Todd
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Review    
Journal Detail:
Title:  The International journal of eating disorders     Volume:  17     ISSN:  0276-3478     ISO Abbreviation:  Int J Eat Disord     Publication Date:  1995 Apr 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  1995-07-07     Completed Date:  1995-07-07     Revised Date:  2005-11-16    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8111226     Medline TA:  Int J Eat Disord     Country:  UNITED STATES    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  211-28     Citation Subset:  IM    
Affiliation:
Focus Associates, Behavioral Health Resources, Lacey, Washington 98503-5719, USA.
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Bulimia / etiology*
Cathartics* / adverse effects
Humans
Incidence
Prevalence
Substance-Related Disorders / complications*,  epidemiology*
Chemical
Reg. No./Substance:
0/Cathartics

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