Document Detail


Incidence of cystic fibrosis in the Albanian population.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  18972414     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
BACKGROUND: Cystic fibrosis (CF) is the most common life-threatening genetic disease in the Western world. Its incidence varies between 1:4,000 and 1:2,500 among Europeans. No data are available on the incidence of CF among Albanians, mainly due to difficulties of the local health system. GOALS: To estimate the incidence of CF and the prevalence of healthy carrier status among Albanian ethnic people; to evaluate the incidence of hypertrypsinaemia at birth among Albanian newborns. METHODS: We used the database of the newborn screening of Tuscany, Italy for the period 1991-2005. Children born to both Albanian parents in Tuscany were identified and incidences were calculated. RESULTS: The incidence of CF among Albanians (1/555, 99% CI: 1/2,980-1/306) was significantly higher than the rest of the Tuscan population (1/4,101, 99% CI: 1/5,564-1/3,248). The prevalence of CF carrier status among Albanians living in Tuscany is estimated to be 1/12 (99%CI 1/27-1/9) while in the rest of the Tuscan population it is 1/32 (99%CI 1/37-1/28). The incidence of hypertrypsinaemia at birth among Albanian newborns (1/55 99%CI: 1/74-1/44) was significantly higher than in the rest of the population (1/84, 99%CI 1/88-1/82). CONCLUSION: The incidence of CF among Albanians is considerably higher than expected. Albanian people have a risk to give birth to children with CF higher than the rest of Europeans. The implementation of a newborn screening program in Albania, together with a CF follow up program is highly advisable.
Authors:
Filippo Festini; Giovanni Taccetti; Teresa Repetto; Claudia Mannini; Stella Neri; Sofia Bisogni; Maurizio de Martino
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Pediatric pulmonology     Volume:  43     ISSN:  1099-0496     ISO Abbreviation:  Pediatr. Pulmonol.     Publication Date:  2008 Nov 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2008-11-04     Completed Date:  2009-04-13     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8510590     Medline TA:  Pediatr Pulmonol     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  1124-9     Citation Subset:  IM    
Copyright Information:
(c) 2008 Wiley-Liss, Inc.
Affiliation:
Department of Paediatrics, University of Florence, Florence, Italy. filippo.festini@unifi.it
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Albania / ethnology
Cystic Fibrosis / epidemiology*,  ethnology,  genetics
Emigrants and Immigrants / statistics & numerical data
Female
Genetic Predisposition to Disease / ethnology*
Humans
Incidence
Infant, Newborn
Italy / epidemiology
Male
Mass Screening
Population Surveillance*
Prevalence

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