Document Detail


Incidence and correlates of near-death experiences in a cardiac care unit.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  12850659     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
Near-death experiences, unusual experiences during a close brush with death, may precipitate pervasive attitudinal and behavior changes. The incidence and psychological correlates of such experiences, and their association with proximity to death, are unclear. We conducted a 30-month survey to identify near-death experiences in a tertiary care center cardiac inpatient service. In a consecutive sample of 1595 patients admitted to the cardiac inpatient service (mean age 63 years, 61% male), of whom 7% were admitted with cardiac arrest, patients who described near-death experiences were matched with comparison patients on diagnosis, gender, and age. Near-death experiences were reported by 10% of patients with cardiac arrest and 1% of other cardiac patients (P<.001). Near-death experiencers were younger than other patients (P=.001), were more likely to have lost consciousness (P<.001) and to report prior purportedly paranormal experiences (P=.009), and had greater approach-oriented death acceptance (P=.01). Near-death experiencers and comparison patients did not differ in sociodemographic variables, social support, quality of life, acceptance of their illness, cognitive function, capacity for physical activities, degree of cardiac dysfunction, objective proximity to death, or coronary prognosis.
Authors:
Bruce Greyson
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't    
Journal Detail:
Title:  General hospital psychiatry     Volume:  25     ISSN:  0163-8343     ISO Abbreviation:  Gen Hosp Psychiatry     Publication Date:    2003 Jul-Aug
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2003-07-09     Completed Date:  2003-11-19     Revised Date:  2006-11-15    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  7905527     Medline TA:  Gen Hosp Psychiatry     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  269-76     Citation Subset:  IM    
Affiliation:
Department of Psychiatric Medicine, University of Virginia Health System, Charlottesville, VA, USA. cbg4d@virginia.edu
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Affect
Attitude to Death*
Cardiology Service, Hospital / utilization
Cardiovascular Diseases / psychology*
Cognition
Death*
Female
Heart Arrest / psychology
Hospitals, University
Humans
Incidence
Intensive Care Units / utilization*
Male
Middle Aged
Myocardial Infarction / psychology
Quality of Life
Virginia

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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