Document Detail

Incidence of bark- and wood-boring insects in firewood: a survey at Michigan's Mackinac Bridge.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  21061968     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Firewood is a major pathway for the inadvertent movement of bark- and wood-infesting insects. After discovery of Agrilus planipennis Fairmaire (Coleoptera: Buprestidae) in southeastern Michigan in 2002, quarantines were enacted including prohibition of transporting firewood across the Mackinac Bridge between Michigan's Lower and Upper peninsulas. Drivers are required to surrender firewood before crossing the bridge. We surveyed recently surrendered firewood in April, July, and September 2008 and categorized it by genus, cross-sectional shape (whole, half, or quarter), approximate age (years since it was a live tree), presence of bark, and evidence of bark- and wood-boring insects. The 1045 pieces of firewood examined represented 21 tree genera: primarily Acer (30%), Quercus (18%), Fraxinus (15%), Ulmus (12%), Betula (5%), and Prunus (5%). Live borers (Bostrichoidea, Brentidae, Buprestidae, Cerambycidae, Cossidae, Curculionidae [Scolytinae and non-Scolytinae], and Siricidae) were found in 23% of the pieces and another 41% had evidence of previous borer infestation. Of the 152 Fraxinus firewood pieces, 13% had evidence of past A. planipennis infestation, but we found no live A. planipennis. We discuss national "don't move firewood" campaigns and U.S. imports of fuelwood. During 1996-2009, the United States imported fuelwood valued at > dollars U.S. 98 million from 34 countries.
Robert A Haack; Toby R Petrice; Alex C Wiedenhoeft
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Journal of economic entomology     Volume:  103     ISSN:  0022-0493     ISO Abbreviation:  J. Econ. Entomol.     Publication Date:  2010 Oct 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2010-11-10     Completed Date:  2010-12-22     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  2985127R     Medline TA:  J Econ Entomol     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  1682-92     Citation Subset:  IM    
USDA Forest Service, Northern Research Station, 1407 S. Harrison Rd., E. Lansing, MI 48823, USA.
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MeSH Terms
Ectoparasitic Infestations / epidemiology
Insects / pathogenicity*
Plant Bark / parasitology*
Wood / parasitology*

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine

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