Document Detail

Incidence of shivering after cesarean section under spinal anesthesia with or without intrathecal sufentanil: a randomized study.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  22999400     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Shivering is a cause of discomfort and dissatisfaction in patients undergoing cesarean section. The objective of this study paper was to assess the impact of intrathecal administration of sufentanil on the incidence of shivering after cesarean section.
METHOD: In a prospective blinded, randomized clinical trial, pregnant women undergoing cesarean section under spinal anesthesia were enrolled. Pregnant women in labor, febrile, obese, with pregnancy-induced hypertension, anesthetic block failure or surgical complications were excluded. Patients were randomly assigned to two groups. In Group I, 10mg of 0.5% hyperbaric bupivacaine combined with 80 mcg of morphine and 2.5 mcg of sufentanil were administered. In Group II, 10mg of 0.5% hyperbaric bupivacaine combined with 80 mcg of morphine were administered. In the post-anesthesia care unit, patients were evaluated for signs of shivering by an investigator blinded to the patient's group allocation.
RESULTS: The sample consisted of 80 patients. In both groups there was a decrease in axillary temperature of patients after cesarean section (p<0.001). This decrease was not different between groups (p<0.21). In Group I, the incidence of tremor was 32.5% (13/40) and in Group II it was 62.5% (25/40) (p<0.007); RR 0.53 (CI 95% 0.32-0.87).
CONCLUSIONS: It has been suggested that the addition of sufentanil to hyperbaric bupivacaine and morphine during spinal anesthesia for cesarean section provides a decrease in the incidence of shivering in the immediate postoperative period.
Giovani de Figueiredo Locks
Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Randomized Controlled Trial    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Revista brasileira de anestesiologia     Volume:  62     ISSN:  1806-907X     ISO Abbreviation:  Rev Bras Anestesiol     Publication Date:    2012 Sep-Oct
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2012-09-24     Completed Date:  2013-11-22     Revised Date:  2014-02-05    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0401316     Medline TA:  Rev Bras Anestesiol     Country:  Brazil    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  676-84     Citation Subset:  IM    
Copyright Information:
Copyright © 2012 Elsevier Editora Ltda. All rights reserved.
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MeSH Terms
Adjuvants, Anesthesia / administration & dosage*
Anesthesia, Obstetrical / adverse effects*
Anesthesia, Spinal / adverse effects*
Cesarean Section / adverse effects*
Injections, Spinal
Postoperative Complications / epidemiology,  prevention & control
Prospective Studies
Single-Blind Method
Sufentanil / administration & dosage*
Reg. No./Substance:
0/Adjuvants, Anesthesia; AFE2YW0IIZ/Sufentanil

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine

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