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Incidence of Retinopathy of Prematurity and Risk Factors Among Premature Infants at a Neonatal Intensive Care Unit in Canada.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  23205771     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
PURPOSE:To study the incidence of retinopathy of prematurity (ROP) in a neonatal intensive care unit and obtain information on risk factors associated with ROP. METHODS:Four hundred twenty-three infants were screened for ROP between July 2006 and July 2010. Demographic information, clinical data, and risk factors were reviewed. RESULTS:The incidence was 40.4% (171 infants) for ROP, 9.2% (39 infants) for severe ROP, and 5.67% (24 infants) for laser treatment. Mean gestational age and birth weight were significantly lower among infants with ROP versus those without ROP (26 ± 0.13 vs 28.55 ± 0.12 weeks, P < .0001 and 840.5 ±17.49 vs 1,190.24 ± 20.20 g, P < .0001, respectively). Birth weight (P < .001), gestational age (P < .001), mechanical ventilation therapy (P = .039), and necrotizing enterocolitis (P = .019) were independent risk factors for ROP. CONCLUSION:Gestational age and birth weight were the most significant risk factors for developing ROP. The study population had an elevated percentage of infants with birth weight less than 1,000 g (extremely low birth weight), yet there was no corresponding increase in severe ROP incidence and treatment when compared to other studies.
Authors:
Gloria Isaza; Sourabh Arora; Manpartap Bal; Varun Chaudhary
Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2012-12-04
Journal Detail:
Title:  Journal of pediatric ophthalmology and strabismus     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1938-2405     ISO Abbreviation:  J Pediatr Ophthalmol Strabismus     Publication Date:  2012 Dec 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2012-12-4     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  7901143     Medline TA:  J Pediatr Ophthalmol Strabismus     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  1-7     Citation Subset:  -    
Copyright Information:
Copyright 2012, SLACK Incorporated.
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