Document Detail

Incidence of Haemophilus influenzae in the throats of healthy infants with different feeding methods.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  10365578     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
BACKGROUND: Haemophilus influenzae is the major cause of otitis media and lower respiratory tract infection in childhood. In the presence of human milk, which contains numerous host defense factors, Haemophilus influenzae may be inhibited in attaching to and colonizing pharyngeal cells. We investigated the incidence of H. influenzae in the throats of 162 healthy infants with different feeding methods: 70 breast-fed, 49 mixed-fed and 43 formula-fed infants. METHODS AND RESULTS: Haemophilus influenzae was identified using standard microbiological procedures and the API NH system. The incidence of H. influenzae in breast-fed infants, mixed-fed infants and formula-fed infants was 0, 0 and 7.0% respectively. CONCLUSION: The results suggest that the colonization of H. influenzae in the throat was inhibited by the presence of breast milk.
T Hokama; R Sakamoto; A Yara; Y Asato; F Takamine; K Itokazu
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Comparative Study; Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Pediatrics international : official journal of the Japan Pediatric Society     Volume:  41     ISSN:  1328-8067     ISO Abbreviation:  Pediatr Int     Publication Date:  1999 Jun 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  1999-07-01     Completed Date:  1999-07-01     Revised Date:  2008-05-21    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  100886002     Medline TA:  Pediatr Int     Country:  AUSTRALIA    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  277-80     Citation Subset:  IM    
Department of Maternal and Child Health, Faculty of Medicine, University of the Ryukyus, Nishihara, Okinawa, Japan.
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MeSH Terms
Bacterial Adhesion
Birth Order
Bottle Feeding / adverse effects*
Breast Feeding*
Carrier State / immunology,  microbiology*
Colony Count, Microbial
Haemophilus Infections / immunology,  microbiology*
Haemophilus influenzae / growth & development*,  pathogenicity
Infant Food
Pharynx / microbiology*

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