Document Detail

Incidence of Campylobacter infection in infants in western Algeria and the possible protective role of breast feeding.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  2384144     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
A case-control study aimed at comparing the incidence of campylobacter infection with that of other enteropathogens in infants was performed in Oran, Western Algeria. During a one-year period, infants consulting in a health centre were included if they had acute diarrhoea. The controls comprised infants going to the same centre for vaccination. Butzler medium Virion was used to look for thermophilic campylobacters. Campylobacters were isolated in 17.7% of the 411 patients and in 14.9% of the 247 controls. No statistically significant difference was found after stratification by age. In contrast, other enteropathogenic bacteria were rarely present. Among the potential factors of clinical expression of infection, breast feeding appeared to have a protective effect which was higher for campylobacter diarrhoea than that observed for other causes of diarrhoea. These data contrast with those previously published in Bangladesh and could be an incentive for promoting breast feeding in this country, where the tradition is decreasing far below the standard which is generally accepted.
F Mégraud; G Boudraa; K Bessaoud; S Bensid; F Dabis; R Soltana; M Touhami
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Epidemiology and infection     Volume:  105     ISSN:  0950-2688     ISO Abbreviation:  Epidemiol. Infect.     Publication Date:  1990 Aug 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  1990-09-14     Completed Date:  1990-09-14     Revised Date:  2010-09-07    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8703737     Medline TA:  Epidemiol Infect     Country:  ENGLAND    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  73-8     Citation Subset:  IM    
Laboratoire de Bactériologie, Hôpital des Enfants, Bordeaux, France.
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MeSH Terms
Age Factors
Algeria / epidemiology
Breast Feeding*
Campylobacter / isolation & purification
Campylobacter Infections / epidemiology*,  immunology
Case-Control Studies
Diarrhea, Infantile / epidemiology*,  immunology
Feces / microbiology
Infant, Newborn
Risk Factors

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine

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