Document Detail


Inbreeding and interbreeding in Darwin's finches.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  14761069     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
Studies of inbreeding and interspecific hybridization are generally pursued separately with different metrics. There is a need to integrate them because they have the common goal of seeking an understanding of the genetic and ecological basis of fitness variation in populations. We use mean expected heterozygosity as an axis of variation on which to compare the fitness of inbreeding and hybridizing Darwin's finches (Geospiza scandens and G. fortis) relative to the fitness of matched outbred controls. We find that relative fitness of inbred finches is less than one in the 1991 cohorts of both species. Inbreeding depression is stronger in the species (G. scandens) with the lower genetically effective population size. Relative fitness of hybrids (backcrosses) in the same cohort of G. scandens is greater than one. Evidence of heterosis in G. fortis is mixed. Thus the two interbreeding species displayed somewhat different fitness patterns under the same set of environmental conditions. Hybridization may enhance fitness to different degrees by counteracting the effects of inbreeding depression, by other additive and nonadditive genetic effects, and by producing phenotypes well suited to exploit particular ecological conditions.
Authors:
Peter R Grant; B Rosemary Grant; Lukas F Keller; Jeffrey A Markert; Kenneth Petren
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Comparative Study; Journal Article; Research Support, U.S. Gov't, Non-P.H.S.    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Evolution; international journal of organic evolution     Volume:  57     ISSN:  0014-3820     ISO Abbreviation:  Evolution     Publication Date:  2003 Dec 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2004-02-05     Completed Date:  2004-02-20     Revised Date:  2008-06-04    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0373224     Medline TA:  Evolution     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  2911-6     Citation Subset:  IM    
Affiliation:
Department of Ecology and Evolutionary Biology, Princeton University, Princeton, New Jersey 08544-1003, USA. prgrant@princeton.edu
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Animals
Crosses, Genetic
Ecuador
Environment
Genetics, Population*
Hybridization, Genetic*
Inbreeding*
Reproduction / physiology*
Songbirds / genetics*

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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