Document Detail

Inadvertent intraforaminal iliosacral screw placement despite apparent appropriate positioning on intraoperative fluoroscopy.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  15677930     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
We present the case of an intraforaminal iliosacral screw placed percutaneously with aid of C-arm using inlet, outlet, and lateral views of the pelvis. The iliosacral screw was placed above the S1 foramen on the outlet view, into the middle of S1 via the ala on the inlet view, and below the cortical shadow of the ala on the lateral view. The patient was neurologically intact postoperatively, but began to complain of severe radicular pain in the S1 distribution down to the foot within 1 week postsurgery. There was mild weakness of plantar flexion. Postoperative computed tomography scan showed that the iliosacral screw was within the S1 foramen. Because of the tangential nature of the S1 foramen, slight posterior placement of the screw into the S1 body and not into the promontory resulted in violation of the foramen despite it being above the cortical shadow on the outlet view.
H C Sagi; E M Lindvall
Publication Detail:
Type:  Case Reports; Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Journal of orthopaedic trauma     Volume:  19     ISSN:  0890-5339     ISO Abbreviation:  J Orthop Trauma     Publication Date:  2005 Feb 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2005-01-28     Completed Date:  2005-05-17     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8807705     Medline TA:  J Orthop Trauma     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  130-3     Citation Subset:  IM    
Department of Orthopaedics, University Medical Center 4th Floor, University of California-San Francisco, Fresno Medical Education Program, 445 South Cedar Avenue, Fresno, CA 93711, USA.
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MeSH Terms
Bone Screws*
Intraoperative Complications* / prevention & control
Intraoperative Period
Radiculopathy / etiology
Sacroiliac Joint
Sacrum / radiography,  surgery*
Spinal Fusion
Spine / abnormalities*
Tomography, X-Ray Computed

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine

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