Document Detail

Inactivation of a centromere during the formation of a translocation in maize.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  21947957     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
Fluorescence in situ hybridization analysis of a reciprocal translocation in maize between chromosomes 1 and 5 that has been used extensively in maize genetics revealed the presence of an inactive centromere at or near the breakpoints of the two chromosomes. This centromere contains both the satellite repeat, CentC, and the centromeric retrotransposon family, CRM, that are typical of centromere regions in maize. This site does not exhibit any of the tested biochemical features of active centromeres such as association with CENP-C and phosphorylation of serine-10 on histone H3. The most likely scenario for this chromosome arrangement is that a centromere was included in the repair process that formed the translocation but became inactive and has been inherited in this state for several decades. The documentation of an inactive A chromosome centromere in maize extends the evidence for an epigenetic component to centromere function in plants. This case provides an experimental example of how karyotype evolution might proceed via changes in centromere inactivation.
Zhi Gao; Shulan Fu; Qianhua Dong; Fangpu Han; James A Birchler
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Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2011-9-27
Journal Detail:
Title:  Chromosome research : an international journal on the molecular, supramolecular and evolutionary aspects of chromosome biology     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1573-6849     ISO Abbreviation:  -     Publication Date:  2011 Sep 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2011-9-27     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  9313452     Medline TA:  Chromosome Res     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
Division of Biological Sciences, University of Missouri, 311 Tucker Hall, Columbia, MO, 65211, USA.
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