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Inactivation of human and murine norovirus by high-pressure processing.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  21034235     Owner:  NLM     Status:  In-Data-Review    
Abstract The effect of high hydrostatic pressure (HPP) was evaluated for inactivation of murine norovirus (MNV), a propagable norovirus (NoV), and human NoV genogroup II.4. Inactivation of MNV was assessed by viral culturing (50% tissue culture infectious dose [TCID(50)]) and real-time reverse-transcription-polymerase chain reaction (RT-qPCR), whereas NoV survival was determined only by RT-qPCR. A treatment of 450 MPa for 15 min at 45°C was sufficient to inactivate 6.5 log(10) of infectious MNV in culture medium as determined by TCID(50). Further, the inactivation of MNV was enhanced when pressure was applied at an initial temperature of 25°C. On the other hand, a baroprotective effect was observed when MNV suspensions were supplemented with 10 mM of CaCl(2). A 400 MPa treatment at 45°C inactivated >5 log(10) of infectious MNV, whereas the addition of CaCl(2) increased the pressure resistance of MNV, with <0.5 log(10) reduction observed. MNV decay as determined by TCID(50) was generally greater than that determined by RT-qPCR; for instance, MNV genomes were detected even after 15 min treatment at 450 MPa, with <0.5 log(10) reduction. Experiments with NoV suspensions showed that all tested HPP treatments reduced the numbers of NoV by <0.5 log(10) units as determined by RT-qPCR. Additionally, RNA of human NoV was more resistant to certain HPP treatments than the RNA of MNV.
Gloria Sánchez; Rosa Aznar; Antonio Martínez; Dolores Rodrigo
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article     Date:  2010-10-29
Journal Detail:
Title:  Foodborne pathogens and disease     Volume:  8     ISSN:  1556-7125     ISO Abbreviation:  Foodborne Pathog. Dis.     Publication Date:  2011 Feb 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2011-01-31     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  101120121     Medline TA:  Foodborne Pathog Dis     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  249-53     Citation Subset:  IM    
1 Department of Biotechnology, Institute of Agrochemistry and Food Technology (IATA) , Spanish Council for Scientific Research (CSIC), Paterna, Spain .
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