Document Detail

In vivo recording of monophasic action potentials in awake dogs--new applications for experimental electrophysiology.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  11327335     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
INTRODUCTION: Despite enormous developments in the field of clinical and experimental electrophysiology there is still a gap in evaluating repolarization in the awake animal. Numerous previous studies have used monophasic action potentials (MAP) to assess repolarization in vitro and in vivo in anesthetized animal models. However, an approach for recording MAP in awake dogs without interference of anesthesia has not yet been developed. METHODS AND RESULTS: We developed an experimental technique to record MAP in conscious dogs by means of conventional rubber introducers which were implanted into the internal jugular vein. In seven awake dogs, atrial as well as ventricular MAP were simultaneously measured without complications. Pacing thresholds were low and stable over time ranging from 0.2 to 4.0 mA. The MAP amplitudes ranged from 10 to 30 mV for ventricular and from 5 to 15 mV for atrial MAP. Continuous MAP recordings of stable amplitude could be made from the same endocardial site for periods of up to one hour. Antegrade and retrograde AV-nodal conduction properties could be assessed. Programmed stimulation was performed to simultaneously determine local refractory periods and MAP duration at cycle lengths from 500 to 200 ms. CONCLUSION: In awake, unsedated dogs the measurement of MAP via rubber introducers permits safe, long-term recording of MAP. Such recordings may be useful for safety pharmacological studies in evaluating cardiovascular and non-cardiovascular drugs with regard to their effects on repolarization. In various canine in vivo models including in vivo models of long QT syndrome, heart failure or sudden cardiac death, the present technique permits electrophysiological measurements without interference of anesthesia.
L Eckardt; A Meissner; P Kirchhof; T Weber; M Borggrefe; G Breithardt; H Van Aken; W Haverkamp
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Basic research in cardiology     Volume:  96     ISSN:  0300-8428     ISO Abbreviation:  Basic Res. Cardiol.     Publication Date:  2001 Apr 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2001-04-30     Completed Date:  2001-08-23     Revised Date:  2006-11-15    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0360342     Medline TA:  Basic Res Cardiol     Country:  Germany    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  169-74     Citation Subset:  IM    
Westfälische Wilhelms-Universität, Innere Medizin C, Münster, Germany.
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MeSH Terms
Action Potentials / physiology*
Electrodes, Implanted
Electrophysiology / instrumentation,  methods*
Heart / physiology*

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