Document Detail

In-vivo motion of mitral valve annuloplasty devices.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  18365578     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
BACKGROUND AND AIM OF THE STUDY: The long-term outcomes of mitral valve repairs are enhanced with an annuloplasty device. Although, in general, semirigid and rigid annuloplasty devices remodel the shape of the mitral valve annulus, the effect of geometric alteration on annular motion has not been fully assessed. Hence, the study aim was to investigate the influence of semi-rigid annuloplasty devices on the motion of the mitral valve annulus in adult sheep. METHODS: Sonomicrometric crystals were attached to semi-rigid annuloplasty devices (CG Future Band and CG Future COMPOSITE Ring), as well as to intra- and epicardiac sites for motion assessment in 13 sheep. Following implantation, hemodynamic and sonomicrometric measurements were collected under normal sinus rhythm and during dobutamine challenge conditions. RESULTS: Sonomicrometric measurements showed variations in the degree of device motion and timing of motion changes, depending on device size and type. Measurement of transverse device width demonstrated a pre-systolic decrease in width. For devices with the largest annular motion, the transverse device width increased during ventricular systole, with an out-of-phase increase in mitral annular septal-lateral distance during diastole. However, the geometric device septal-lateral distance showed minimal change across all devices, indicating maintenance of posterior remodeling geometry. Three-dimensional analyses revealed vertical elevation of the anterior annulus above the posterior annular plane during ventricular systole, consistent with anterior annular folding. The maximum calculated annular area occurred during early to mid-ventricular diastole, providing for maximal valve orifice area during opening of the mitral valve. The minimum annular area occurred near end-diastole to early systole, consistent with valve closing. CONCLUSION: The study results suggest that semi-rigid posterior annuloplasty devices with absent or flexible anterior mitral valve annular segments allow for a dynamic anterior annulus while maintaining aggressive posterior annular remodeling. Future studies should be undertaken to investigate the interaction between the anterior mitral valve annulus and the aortic root following annuloplasty device implantation.
Jerald Redmond; Dean Christiansen; Cathy Bergin; Lenny Leuer; Tim Ryan; Nancy Rakow; Noah Barka; Tina Billstrom; John A St Cyr; Linda M Shecterle; Eugene Grossi
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Comparative Study; Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  The Journal of heart valve disease     Volume:  17     ISSN:  0966-8519     ISO Abbreviation:  J. Heart Valve Dis.     Publication Date:  2008 Jan 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2008-03-27     Completed Date:  2008-05-20     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  9312096     Medline TA:  J Heart Valve Dis     Country:  England    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  110-7; discussion 117-8     Citation Subset:  IM    
Medtronic, Inc., Minneapolis, MN 55449, USA.
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MeSH Terms
Disease Models, Animal
Equipment Design
Follow-Up Studies
Heart Valve Prosthesis Implantation / instrumentation*
Mitral Valve / physiopathology,  surgery*,  ultrasonography
Mitral Valve Insufficiency / physiopathology,  surgery*,  ultrasonography
Myocardial Contraction / physiology*
Prosthesis Design
Time Factors
Treatment Outcome
Ventricular Function, Left / physiology*

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine

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