Document Detail


In vivo effects of hydrostatic pressure on interstitium of abdominal wall muscle.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  9950853     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
Fluid loss from the peritoneal cavity to surrounding tissue varies directly with intraperitoneal hydrostatic pressure (Pip). According to Darcy's law [Q = -KA(dPif/dx)], fluid flux (Q) across a cross-sectional area (A) of tissue will increase with an increase in either hydraulic conductivity (K) or the interstitial fluid hydrostatic pressure gradient (dPif/dx, where x is distance). Previously, we demonstrated that in the anterior abdominal muscle (AAM) of rats, dPif/dx increases by only 40%, whereas K rises fivefold between Pip of 1.5 and 8 mmHg. Because K is a function of interstitial volume (thetaif), we hypothesized that perturbations of Pip would change Pif and expand the interstitium, increasing thetaif. To test this hypothesis, we used dual-label quantitative autoradiography (QAR) to measure extracellular fluid volume (thetaec) and intravascular volume (thetaiv) in the AAM of rats within the Pip range from -2.8 to +8 mmHg. thetaif was obtained by subtraction (thetaec - thetaiv). dPif/dx was measured with a micropipette and a servo-null system. Local thetaiv did not vary with Pip and averaged 0.010 +/- 0.002 ml/g, and thetaif averaged 0. 19 +/- 0.01 ml/g at Pif </=1.2 mmHg. However, thetaif doubled between Pif of 1.2 and 4.2 mmHg (from 0.20 +/- 0.00 to 0.39 +/- 0.01 ml/g, respectively) but did not increase with further increases in Pif. This nonlinear pressure-volume relationship does not explain the fivefold increase in K with Pip. Because the interstitial matrix contributes to the interstitial resistance to fluid flow, and because hyaluronan (HA) is the only component of the matrix that is not anchored to the tissue, we hypothesized that the loss of interstitial HA was responsible for the continued decrease in interstitial resistance to fluid flow. We determined HA concentration in the rat AAM and adjacent subcutaneous tissue (SC) at Pip = 0 mmHg and after 2 h of dialysis at constant Pip = 6 mmHg. The HA content (normalized to dry weight) in the AAM was reduced from 487 +/- 16 to 360 +/- 27 micrograms/g dry tissue (n = 4, P < 0.05) and increased from 528 +/- 72 to 1,050 +/- 136 mg/g dry tissue (n = 4, P > 0.001) in the SC. We conclude that the mechanisms responsible for the increase in K with Pip include expansion of the interstitium, dilution of interstitial macromolecules, and washout from the AAM to SC of interstitial macromolecules responsible for resistance to fluid flow.
Authors:
E R Zakaria; J Lofthouse; M F Flessner
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't; Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.    
Journal Detail:
Title:  The American journal of physiology     Volume:  276     ISSN:  0002-9513     ISO Abbreviation:  Am. J. Physiol.     Publication Date:  1999 Feb 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  1999-03-30     Completed Date:  1999-03-30     Revised Date:  2007-11-14    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0370511     Medline TA:  Am J Physiol     Country:  UNITED STATES    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  H517-29     Citation Subset:  IM    
Affiliation:
Nephrology Unit, Department of Medicine, University of Rochester Medical Center, Rochester, New York 14642, USA.
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Abdominal Muscles / blood supply,  metabolism,  physiology*
Animals
Ascitic Fluid / metabolism
Blood Volume / physiology
Extracellular Space / physiology*
Female
Hyaluronic Acid / pharmacokinetics
Hydrostatic Pressure*
Mannitol / blood,  pharmacokinetics
Models, Biological
Peritoneal Cavity / physiology
Peritoneal Dialysis
Rats
Rats, Sprague-Dawley
Grant Support
ID/Acronym/Agency:
R29-DK-48479/DK/NIDDK NIH HHS
Chemical
Reg. No./Substance:
69-65-8/Mannitol; 9004-61-9/Hyaluronic Acid

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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