Document Detail

In vivo biological stability of chemically pretreated silicone gel inserts intended for use in keratoprostheses.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  23217393     Owner:  NLM     Status:  In-Data-Review    
BACKGROUND: Pretreatment with chemical agents could alter the surface chemistry of the silicone gel, which makes it suitable for epithelial migration onto its surface and thus enhances the cytobiocompatibility. This study aimed to evaluate the biological response of the corneal stroma to porous silicone gel pretreated with different chemical agents in vivo.
METHODS: The porous silicone gels were treated with a mixed acid solution containing 23.2% H2SO4 and 0.8% K2Cr2O7 for 10 or 15 minutes or with 30% H2O2 for 15 minutes. Discs (4 mm in diameter) were inserted into interlamellar stromal pockets of New Zealand white rabbits and followed up for a period of 3 months. Clinical evaluations such as corneal infiltration, edema and neovascularization were performed daily. At 3 months, the fibroplasias and collagen deposition were examined under light and scanning electron microscopy (SEM) and by immunohistochemical analysis.
RESULTS: Pretreatment of the discs obviously decreased conjunctival congestion, discharge, cornea edema, and the extent of neovascularization. More fibroblasts migrated into the pretreated discs than into the control, and collagen was deposited, indicating that the biocompatibility of the corneal replacements was enhanced by the chemical pretreatments. From immunohistochemical analysis, Type I collagen deposition in the pretreated silicone discs was greater than in the control.
CONCLUSIONS: Chemical treatment of silicone gel is effective in decreasing rabbit corneal inflammation, encouraging fibroblast in-growth, and enhancing tissue compatibility. Pretreated gels show good biological stability when used as a skirt material in Keratoprosthesis (Kpros).
Li-Qun DU; Hong-Mei Chen; Ying Yan; Xin-Yi Wu
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Chinese medical journal     Volume:  125     ISSN:  0366-6999     ISO Abbreviation:  Chin. Med. J.     Publication Date:  2012 Dec 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2012-12-10     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  7513795     Medline TA:  Chin Med J (Engl)     Country:  China    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  4239-44     Citation Subset:  IM    
Department of Ophthalmology, Qilu Hospital, Shandong University, Jinan, Shandong 250012, China.
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