Document Detail

In-vitro studies of interactions between tampons and Staphylococcus aureus.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  7091974     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
In-vitro studies were done to investigate the role of tampons and Staphylococcus aureus in toxic shock syndrome. Tampons did not enhance the growth of S. aureus in nutrient broth or human blood. Intrinsic contamination of tampons with S. aureus was not found among the 504 tampons cultured (95% confidence limits of fraction contaminated; 0 to 0.007). Toxin-producing S. aureus persisted significantly longer on artificially contaminated Rely tampons (Procter & Gamble) than on the other brands tested. The proportion of clinical isolates of S. aureus capable of producing toxin increased from two of 36 in 1960 to eight of 20 in 1979 (p = 0.002, Fisher's exact test). This general increase in the proportion of toxin-producing strains may partially explain the increase in cases of toxic shock syndrome in recent years.
C V Broome; P S Hayes; G W Ajello; J C Feeley; R J Gibson; L M Graves; G A Hancock; R L Anderson; A K Highsmith; D C Mackel; N T Hargrett; A L Reingold
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Annals of internal medicine     Volume:  96     ISSN:  0003-4819     ISO Abbreviation:  Ann. Intern. Med.     Publication Date:  1982 Jun 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  1982-08-07     Completed Date:  1982-08-07     Revised Date:  2006-11-15    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0372351     Medline TA:  Ann Intern Med     Country:  UNITED STATES    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  959-62     Citation Subset:  AIM; IM    
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MeSH Terms
Bacillus / isolation & purification
Bacterial Toxins / analysis
Shock, Septic / etiology
Staphylococcus / isolation & purification
Staphylococcus aureus / growth & development*,  isolation & purification
Tampons, Surgical*
Time Factors
Reg. No./Substance:
0/Bacterial Toxins

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine

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