Document Detail


In vitro evaluation of the effect of aortic compliance on pediatric intra-aortic balloon pumping.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  12797873     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the effect of aortic compliance on pediatric intra-aortic balloon pumping (IABP). DESIGN: In vitro study using a mechanical model of the pediatric left heart circulation. SETTING: Cardiovascular fluid dynamics research laboratory. SUBJECT: Pulsatile flow system simulating the pediatric left heart circulation and two different aortas with compliances comparable to those of the pediatric aorta (0.12 and 0.07 mL/mm Hg). INTERVENTIONS: Measurements were made at a baseline peak aortic flow of 4 L/min, at simulated shock (1.7 L/min), and with 1:1 IABP (rates, 130 and 150 bpm; balloon volumes, 2.5 and 5.0 mL). MEASUREMENTS AND MAIN RESULTS: Peak flow rates were measured in the ascending aorta, coronary arterial system, and brachiocephalic arterial systems. Aortic pressure was measured in the ascending aorta. For both aortas (0.12 and 0.07 mL/mm Hg), IABP resulted in diastolic augmentation (38 +/- 8 and 43 +/- 16 mm Hg) and afterload reduction (4 +/- 2 and 6 +/- 3 mm Hg). For both aortas, compared to shock, IABP resulted in significant increases in coronary arterial and brachiocephalic arterial flow and aortic pressure for both aortas. Aortic flow significantly increased only in the less-compliant aorta. CONCLUSIONS: In a laboratory model of pediatric left heart circulation, IABP results in diastolic augmentation, afterload reduction, and improved hemodynamics, even in aortas of greater compliance.
Authors:
L L Minich; L Y Tani; J A Hawkins; R R Bartkowiak; M L Royall; G M Pantalos
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Pediatric critical care medicine : a journal of the Society of Critical Care Medicine and the World Federation of Pediatric Intensive and Critical Care Societies     Volume:  2     ISSN:  -     ISO Abbreviation:  Pediatr Crit Care Med     Publication Date:  2001 Apr 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2003-06-11     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  100954653     Medline TA:  Pediatr Crit Care Med     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  139-44     Citation Subset:  -    
Affiliation:
Departments of Pediatrics and Surgery, University of Utah, Salt Lake City, UT E-mail: pclminic@ihc.com
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