Document Detail

In vitro evaluation of control strategies for an artificial vasculature device.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  17271116     Owner:  NLM     Status:  PubMed-not-MEDLINE    
Ventricular assist devices (VADs) have been used successfully as a bridge to transplant in heart failure patients by unloading ventricular volume and restoring the circulation. An artificial vasculature device (AVD) that may better facilitate myocardial recovery than VAD by controlling the afterload seen by the ejecting heart is being developed. The AVD concept is to enable any user-defined input impedance (IM) with resistance (R) and compliance (C) components. In this study, a pulse duplicator was used to test the efficacy of the AVD concept for two control strategies in an adult mock circulation: (1) R-C in series and (2) 2-element Windkessel (R-C in parallel) using instantaneous impedance position control (IIPC) to maintain a desired value or profile of R and C. In vitro experiments were performed and the resulting cardiovascular pressures, volumes, flows, and the afterload (R and C) seen by the LV during ejection for simulated cardiac failure were recorded and analyzed. Our results indicate that setting the AVD to lower IM reduced LV volume and pressure, restored LV stroke volume, and increased coronary flow. The IIPC control algorithms are better suited to maintain any instantaneous IM or an IM profile, but are susceptible to measurement noise.
J S Glower; R C Cheng; G A Giridharan; K J Gillars; G M Pantalos; K N Litwak; D L Ewert; S C Koenig
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Conference proceedings : ... Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society. IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society. Annual Conference     Volume:  5     ISSN:  1557-170X     ISO Abbreviation:  Conf Proc IEEE Eng Med Biol Soc     Publication Date:  2004  
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2007-02-02     Completed Date:  2007-06-08     Revised Date:  2014-08-21    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  101243413     Medline TA:  Conf Proc IEEE Eng Med Biol Soc     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  3773-6     Citation Subset:  -    
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