Document Detail

In vitro degradation and cytocompatibility of magnesium-zinc-strontium alloys with human embryonic stem cells.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  23366416     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Magnesium-based alloys have attracted great interest for medical applications due to their unique biodegradable capability and desirable mechanical properties. When considered for medical applications, the degradation rate of these alloys must be tailored so that: (i) it does not exceed the rate at which the degradation products can be excreted from the body, and (ii) it is slow enough so that the load bearing properties of the implant are not jeopardized and do not conflict prior to and during synthesis of new tissue. Implant integration with surrounding cells and tissues and mechanical stability are critical aspects for clinical success. This study investigated Magnesium-Zinc-Strontium (ZSr41) alloy degradation rates and the interaction of the degradation products with human embryonic stem cells (hESC) over a 72 hour period. An in vitro hESC model was chosen due to the higher sensitivity of ESCs to known toxicants which allows to potentially detect toxicological effects of new biomaterials at an early stage. Four distinct ZSr41 compositions (0.15 wt.%, 0.5 wt.%, 1 wt.%, and 1.5 wt.% Sr) were designed and produced through metallurgical processing. ZSr41 alloy mechanical properties, degradation, and cytocompatibility were investigated and compared to pure polished Magnesium (Mg). Mechanical properties evaluated included hardness, ultimate tensile strength, and elongation to failure. Degradation was characterized by measuring total weight loss of samples and pH change in the cell culture media. Cytocompatibility was studied by comparing fluorescence and phase contrast images of hESCs after co-culture with Mg alloys. Results indicated that the Mg-Zn-Sr alloy with 0.15 wt.% Sr improved cytocompatibility and provided slower degradation as compared with pure Mg.
Aaron F Cipriano; Ren-Guo Guan; Tong Cui; Zhan-Yong Zhao; Salvador Garcia; Ian Johnson; Huinan Liu
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Conference proceedings : ... Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society. IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society. Annual Conference     Volume:  2012     ISSN:  1557-170X     ISO Abbreviation:  Conf Proc IEEE Eng Med Biol Soc     Publication Date:  2012  
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2013-01-31     Completed Date:  2013-08-26     Revised Date:  2014-08-21    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  101243413     Medline TA:  Conf Proc IEEE Eng Med Biol Soc     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  2432-5     Citation Subset:  IM    
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MeSH Terms
Alloys / metabolism*
Embryonic Stem Cells / metabolism*
Hydrogen-Ion Concentration
Reg. No./Substance:
0/Alloys; 0/Mg-Zn-Sr alloy

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