Document Detail


In vitro comparison of two different methods of cell washing.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  22936688     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
The storage of red blood cells (RBC) results in increased concentrations of plasma free hemoglobin, potassium, glucose, and lactate, among other undesirable substances. These concentrations continue to increase as RBC products age and can cause deleterious effects to the patient. In the setting of cardiac surgery, the autotransfusion devices are routinely used to wash blood that is shed from the surgical site. These devices could also be used to wash stored RBC units obtained from the blood bank. The objective of this study was to compare the product created by washing a unit of RBCs with the AutoLog autotransfusion device in the operating room to the washed products from a standard cell washer in the blood bank.Eleven outdated RBC units (stored for >42 days at 4°C) were split in half. One half was washed using the Medtronic AutoLog device; the other half was washed using the blood bank's Cobe 2991 Cell Processor. Analytes were measured on samples from the unwashed parent unit and from the washed daughter units. The parameters measured included hematocrit, free hemoglobin, lactate, lactate dehydrogenase (LDH), potassium, glucose, and pH.When compared to the original untreated RBCs, the glucose, lactate, and potassium levels were decreased when washed in an autotranfusion device. Additionally, the free hemoglobin and LDH levels were significantly lower with the Medtronic Autolog cell saver than in the COBE 2991 Cell Processor.Washing the RBC donor units in an autotransfusion device prior to transfusion can effectively attenuate the increases seen in glucose, potassium, free hemoglobin, and LDH associated with RBC storage lesion.
Authors:
T Smith; W Riley; D Fitzgerald
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Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2012-8-30
Journal Detail:
Title:  Perfusion     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1477-111X     ISO Abbreviation:  Perfusion     Publication Date:  2012 Aug 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2012-8-31     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8700166     Medline TA:  Perfusion     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
Affiliation:
Brigham and Women's Hospital, Boston, Massachusetts, USA.
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