Document Detail


In vitro batch cultures of gut microbiota from healthy and ulcerative colitis (UC) subjects suggest that sulphate-reducing bacteria levels are raised in UC and by a protein-rich diet.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  23941288     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
Abstract Imbalances in gut microbiota composition during ulcerative colitis (UC) indicate a role for the microbiota in propagating the disorder. Such effects were investigated using in vitro batch cultures (with/without mucin, peptone or starch) inoculated with faecal slurries from healthy or UC patients; the growth of five bacterial groups was monitored along with short-chain fatty acid (SCFA) production. Healthy cultures gave two-fold higher growth and SCFA levels with up to ten-fold higher butyrate production. Starch gave the highest growth and SCFA production (particularly butyrate), indicating starch-enhanced saccharolytic activity. Sulphate-reducing bacteria (SRB) were the predominant bacterial group (of five examined) for UC inocula whereas they were the minority group for the healthy inocula. Furthermore, SRB growth was stimulated by peptone presumably due to the presence of sulphur-rich amino acids. The results suggest raised SRB levels in UC, which could contribute to the condition through release of toxic sulphide.
Authors:
Nazeha A Khalil; Gemma E Walton; Glenn R Gibson; Kieran M Tuohy; Simon C Andrews
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Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2013-8-13
Journal Detail:
Title:  International journal of food sciences and nutrition     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1465-3478     ISO Abbreviation:  Int J Food Sci Nutr     Publication Date:  2013 Aug 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2013-8-14     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  9432922     Medline TA:  Int J Food Sci Nutr     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
Affiliation:
Faculty of Home Economics, Minufiya University , Egypt .
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