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In-vitro Identification of Distinctive Metabolic Signatures of Intact Varicose Vein Tissue via Magic Angle Spinning Nuclear Magnetic Resonance Spectroscopy.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  22819098     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
OBJECTIVES: Nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) spectroscopy is an established tool for metabolic profiling of tissues or biofluids with utility in identifying disease biomarkers and changes in enzymatic or gene expression. This pilot study aims to compare the metabolic profiles of intact varicose and non-varicose vein tissue via magic angle spinning (MAS) NMR spectroscopy with a view to promoting the understanding of the pathogenesis of varicose vein formation. METHODS: Varicose vein tissue (n = 8) was collected from patients undergoing varicose veins surgery. Control non-varicose great saphenous vein samples were collected from patients undergoing lower limb amputation (n = 3) and peripheral arterial bypass surgery (n = 5). Intact tissue samples (average weight 10.33 ± 0.8 mg) from each vein segment were analysed using 1D MAS (1)H NMR (600 MHz) spectroscopy. For selected vein samples, two-dimensional (2D) NMR experiments were performed. Differences between spectra from varicose and non-varicose tissues were elucidated using a variety of multivariate statistical analyses. RESULTS: The metabolic profiles of varicose veins samples were clearly differentiated from non-varicose veins samples. Lipid metabolites were present at a higher concentration in the non-varicose veins group whilst creatine, lactate and myo-inositol metabolites were more characteristic of the varicose veins group. CONCLUSION: We demonstrate differential metabolic profiles between varicose veins and non-varicose veins. Elucidating the metabolic signature underlying varicose veins can further improve our understanding of the biological mechanisms of disease initiation, progression, and aid in identifying putative therapeutic targets.
Authors:
M A Anwar; J Shalhoub; P A Vorkas; C S Lim; E J Want; J K Nicholson; E Holmes; A H Davies
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Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2012-7-19
Journal Detail:
Title:  European journal of vascular and endovascular surgery : the official journal of the European Society for Vascular Surgery     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1532-2165     ISO Abbreviation:  -     Publication Date:  2012 Jul 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2012-7-23     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  9512728     Medline TA:  Eur J Vasc Endovasc Surg     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
Copyright Information:
Copyright © 2012 European Society for Vascular Surgery. Published by Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
Affiliation:
Academic Section of Vascular Surgery, Department of Surgery & Cancer, Imperial College London, UK.
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