Document Detail

In search of the less hazardous cigarette.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  21319722     Owner:  NLM     Status:  In-Process    
Since the 1950s, despite considerable and long-term tobacco industry and government efforts, attempts to develop a less risky cigarette that reduces harmful ingredients, generally or specifically, have failed. Moreover, even under ideal conditions with adequate scientific testing, the efficacy of purportedly reducing the severe health effects cannot be scientifically verified for up to 20 years after introduction of a product on the market. A key and central provision in the 2009 U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) legislation is to reduce the risk or harm of cigarettes. Because creating a less risky cigarette is not currently possible, this renders the efficacy of the 2009 FDA legislation highly uncertain, with a large risk that the proposed program may not reduce harm.
Michael Givel
Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  International journal of health services : planning, administration, evaluation     Volume:  41     ISSN:  0020-7314     ISO Abbreviation:  Int J Health Serv     Publication Date:  2011  
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2011-02-15     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  1305035     Medline TA:  Int J Health Serv     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  77-94     Citation Subset:  IM    
Department of Political Science, The University of Oklahoma, Norman, OK 73019, USA.
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