Document Detail

In Vivo Vascularity Alterations in Repaired Rotator Cuffs Determined by Contrast-Enhanced Ultrasound.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  21917614     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
Background: The alterations in blood flow after rotator cuff repair remain unclear. Visualization of vascular patterns could clarify basic and clinical investigations. Purpose: To assess longitudinal blood flow inside the repaired cuff and the surrounding tissue after rotator cuff repair, using contrast-enhanced ultrasonography. Study Design: Descriptive laboratory study. Methods: Fifteen patients (7 men and 8 women; mean age, 65.0 ± 9.8 years) consented to participate. The patients underwent an ultrasound scan before and 1, 2, and 3 months after surgery. Enhanced ultrasound images were recorded for 1 minute after intravenous injection of contrast reagent. Four regions of interest inside the cuff and 2 regions in the anchor hole and subacromial bursa were superimposed on the obtained images. Calculated areas under the time-intensity curves were expressed in acoustic units (AU). Results: We found area-dependent differences in patterns of alteration and magnitude of blood flow inside the repaired cuff and peritendinous tissues. Vascularity in the articular distal and bursal distal region of the repaired cuff at 1 month postoperatively increased significantly compared with that at the preoperative baseline (76 vs 5 AU, P = .0037; 92 vs 7 AU, P = .043). The vascularity peaked at 1 month after surgery in the bursal area within the cuff but at 2 months in the articular area. The vascularity in the articular proximal region of the repaired cuff was significantly lower than that in the bursal proximal (P = .0046), bursal distal (P = .0183), and articular distal regions (P = .0163) 1 month after surgery. Conclusion: Enhancement patterns in intratendinous tissue increased at 1 or 2 months postoperatively and decreased at 3 months. We found area-dependent differences in enhancement patterns inside the repaired cuff and peritendinous tissue. Clinical Relevance: Visualization of vascularization using contrast-enhanced ultrasound could help in deciding on an appropriate repair technique or on the form of postoperative rehabilitation after rotator cuff repair.
Tadanao Funakoshi; Norimasa Iwasaki; Tamotsu Kamishima; Mutsumi Nishida; Yoichi Ito; Kinya Nishida; Makoto Motomiya; Naoki Suenaga; Akio Minami
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Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2011-9-14
Journal Detail:
Title:  The American journal of sports medicine     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1552-3365     ISO Abbreviation:  -     Publication Date:  2011 Sep 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2011-9-15     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  7609541     Medline TA:  Am J Sports Med     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Hokkaido University School of Medicine, Sapporo, Japan.
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