Document Detail

In Vitro Analysis of the Functional Effects of an NLRP3 G809S Variant with the co-Existence of MEFV Haplotype Variants in Atypical Autoinflammatory Syndrome.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  23015306     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
PURPOSE: Hereditary periodic fever syndromes have been considered monogenic diseases. However, some recent reports have described patients with co-existence of recurrent fever responsible genes. This study assessed whether a rare variant, found in Japanese children showing atypical autoinflammatory syndrome, located in the leucine-rich repeat domain of Nod-like receptor family, pyrin domain containing 3 (NLRP3) with co-existence of Mediterranean fever (MEFV) haplotype variants may contribute to a proinflammatory phenotype using a systematic approach. METHODS: Cytokine production in serum or from peripheral blood monocytes was measured by ELISA. DNA sequence analysis of genes including NLRP3, MEFV, mevalonate kinase (MVK), and tumor necrosis factor receptor superfamily, member 1A (TNFRSF1A) were performed on patient samples. In vitro functional assays determined the effects of the NLRP3 variants and pyrin using NF-κB activation and speck formation assays. RESULTS: A heterozygous genetic variant of NLRP3, G809S, was found in samples from both patients. Additionally the previously reported heterozygous MEFV variants (P369S-R408Q or E148Q-P369S-R408Q) were also detected in both patients. Serum IL-1ra and sTNFR1 levels increased in the attack phase of the disease in both patients. The production levels of IL-1β from monocytes isolated from both cases were elevated following LPS and IFN-γ stimulation. The NLRP3 G809S variant demonstrated no increase of NF-κB activity following monosodium urate stimulation, whereas it significantly increased speck formation by interacting with apoptosis-associated speck-like protein with caspase recruitment domain. CONCLUSIONS: The phenotype of atypical autoinflammatory disease in patients could be modified by a synergistic effect with two other variants of autoinflammatory-associated genes.
Kazuo Kubota; Hidenori Ohnishi; Takahide Teramoto; Eiko Matsui; Kana Murase; Hiroyuki Kanoh; Zenichiro Kato; Hideo Kaneko; Mariko Seishima; Naomi Kondo
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Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2012-9-27
Journal Detail:
Title:  Journal of clinical immunology     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1573-2592     ISO Abbreviation:  J. Clin. Immunol.     Publication Date:  2012 Sep 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2012-9-27     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8102137     Medline TA:  J Clin Immunol     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
Department of Pediatrics, Graduate School of Medicine, Gifu University, 1-1 Yanagido, Gifu, 501-1194, Japan.
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