Document Detail

Impulsivity in students with serious emotional disturbance: the interactive effects of reinforcer rate, delay, and quality.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  8473257     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
We conducted two studies extending basic matching research on self-control and impulsivity to the investigation of choices of students diagnosed as seriously emotionally disturbed. In Study 1 we examined the interaction between unequal rates of reinforcement and equal versus unequal delays to reinforcer access on performance of concurrently available sets of math problems. The results of a reversal design showed that when delays to reinforcer access were the same for both response alternatives, the time allocated to each was approximately proportional to obtained reinforcement. When the delays to reinforcer access differed between the response alternatives, there was a bias toward the response alternative and schedule with the lower delays, suggesting impulsivity (i.e., immediate reinforcer access overrode the effects of rate of reinforcement). In Study 2 we examined the interactive effects of reinforcer rate, quality, and delay. Conditions involving delayed access to the high-quality reinforcers on the rich schedule (with immediate access to low-quality reinforcers earned on the lean schedule) were alternated with immediate access to low-quality reinforcers on the rich schedule (with delayed access to high-quality reinforcers on the lean schedule) using a reversal design. With 1 student, reinforcer quality overrode the effects of both reinforcer rate and delay to reinforcer access. The other student tended to respond exclusively to the alternative associated with immediate access to reinforcers. The studies demonstrate a methodology based on matching theory for determining influential dimensions of reinforcers governing individuals' choices.
N A Neef; F C Mace; D Shade
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, U.S. Gov't, Non-P.H.S.    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Journal of applied behavior analysis     Volume:  26     ISSN:  0021-8855     ISO Abbreviation:  J Appl Behav Anal     Publication Date:  1993  
Date Detail:
Created Date:  1993-05-18     Completed Date:  1993-05-18     Revised Date:  2010-09-10    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0174763     Medline TA:  J Appl Behav Anal     Country:  UNITED STATES    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  37-52     Citation Subset:  IM    
Devereux Institute of Clinical Training and Research.
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MeSH Terms
Affective Symptoms / psychology,  therapy*
Behavior Therapy / methods*
Education, Special*
Impulsive Behavior / psychology,  therapy*
Internal-External Control
Learning Disorders / psychology,  therapy*
Reinforcement Schedule
Token Economy

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