Document Detail

Improving the use of modelling for projections of climate change impacts on crops and pastures.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  20410317     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Projections of climate change impacts on global food supply are largely based on crop and pasture modelling. The consistency of these models with experimental data and their ability to simulate the effects of elevated CO(2) and of increased climate variability has been debated. The effects of high temperatures, of increased climate variability and of several limiting factors which interact with elevated CO(2) such as soil nutrients, pests and weeds are neither fully understood nor well implemented in leading models. Targeted model developments will be required based on experimental data concerning: (i) the role of extreme climatic events, (ii) the interactions between abiotic factors and elevated CO(2), (iii) the genetic variability in plant CO(2) and temperature responses, (iv) the interactions with biotic factors, and (v) the effects on harvest quality. To help make better use of the available knowledge, it is envisioned that future crop and pasture modelling studies will need to use a risk assessment approach by combining an ensemble of greenhouse gas emission (or stabilization) scenarios, of regional climate models and of crop and pasture models, as well as an ensemble of adaptation options concerning both management practices and species/varieties.
Jean-François Soussana; Anne-Isabelle Graux; Francesco N Tubiello
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't; Review     Date:  2010-04-21
Journal Detail:
Title:  Journal of experimental botany     Volume:  61     ISSN:  1460-2431     ISO Abbreviation:  J. Exp. Bot.     Publication Date:  2010 May 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2010-05-20     Completed Date:  2010-08-10     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  9882906     Medline TA:  J Exp Bot     Country:  England    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  2217-28     Citation Subset:  IM    
INRA, Grassland Ecosystem Research, 234, avenue du Brézet, F-63100 Clermont-Ferrand, France.
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MeSH Terms
Carbon Dioxide / analysis,  metabolism
Climate Change*
Crops, Agricultural / chemistry,  growth & development*,  metabolism
Models, Theoretical
Poaceae / chemistry*,  growth & development*,  metabolism
Reg. No./Substance:
124-38-9/Carbon Dioxide

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