Document Detail


Improving pregnancy drug warnings to promote patient comprehension.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  21316641     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
OBJECTIVE: We sought to evaluate the effectiveness of a pharmaceutical labeling strategy intended to improve comprehension of a teratogen warning. STUDY DESIGN: This is a secondary analysis that evaluated women of childbearing age who were assigned prescription containers with the current teratogen warning, a label with simplified text, or a label with simplified text and icons. The association between label type and understanding of label instructions was assessed. RESULTS: A total of 132 women were interviewed. Comprehension of the icon label (94%) was higher than for the standard and enhanced text-only labels (76% and 79%), respectively (P < .05). Adjustment for age, race/ethnicity, education, literacy, and number of current medications revealed that the label with the enhanced text and icon yielded superior comprehension (risk ratio vs standard, 1.26; 95% confidence interval, 1.04-1.53; risk ratio vs enhanced, 1.22; 95% confidence interval, 1.02-1.46). CONCLUSION: In our study, a teratogen warning label that had easy-to-read messages with icons significantly improved comprehension.
Authors:
Whitney B You; William Grobman; Terry Davis; Laura M Curtis; Stacy Cooper Bailey; Michael Wolf
Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2011-2-11
Journal Detail:
Title:  American journal of obstetrics and gynecology     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1097-6868     ISO Abbreviation:  -     Publication Date:  2011 Feb 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2011-2-14     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0370476     Medline TA:  Am J Obstet Gynecol     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
Copyright Information:
Published by Mosby, Inc.
Affiliation:
Division of Maternal-Fetal Medicine, Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Feinberg School of Medicine, Northwestern University, Chicago, IL; Health Literacy and Learning Program, Institute for Healthcare Studies, Feinberg School of Medicine, Northwestern University, Chicago, IL.
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