Document Detail

Improving physical fitness of individuals with intellectual and developmental disability through a Virtual Reality Intervention Program.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  18479889     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Individuals with intellectual and developmental disabilities (IDD) are in need of effective physical fitness training programs. The aim was to test the effectiveness of a Virtual Reality (VR)-based exercise program in improving the physical fitness of adults with IDD. A research group (N=30; mean age=52.3+/-5.8 years; moderate IDD level) was matched for age, IDD level and functional abilities with a control group (N=30, mean age=54.3+/-5.4 years). A 5-6 week fitness program consisting of two 30 min sessions per week included game-like exercises provided by the Sony PlayStation II EyeToy VR system. Changes in physical fitness were monitored by the Energy Expenditure Index (EEI), the modified 12 min walk/run and the Total Heart Beat Index (THBI). Significant (p<0.05) improvements in physical fitness were demonstrated for the research group in comparison to the control group for the Modified Cooper test and the THBI but not for the EEI test. The EEI, Modified Cooper and THBI tests were found feasible to evaluate physical fitness levels and change of individuals with IDD under clinical conditions. VR technology intervention was suitable for adults with IDD and resulted in significant improvements in the physical fitness levels of the participants.
Meir Lotan; Shira Yalon-Chamovitz; Patrice L Tamar Weiss
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't     Date:  2008-05-13
Journal Detail:
Title:  Research in developmental disabilities     Volume:  30     ISSN:  1873-3379     ISO Abbreviation:  Res Dev Disabil     Publication Date:    2009 Mar-Apr
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2008-12-16     Completed Date:  2009-01-29     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8709782     Medline TA:  Res Dev Disabil     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  229-39     Citation Subset:  IM    
Department of Physical Therapy, Judea and Samara College, Ariel, Israel.
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MeSH Terms
Activities of Daily Living
Computer Simulation
Disabled Persons*
Exercise Therapy
Mentally Disabled Persons*
Middle Aged
Occupational Therapy
Physical Education and Training
Physical Fitness*

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine

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