Document Detail


Improving meat inspection and control in resource-poor communities: the Nepal example.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  12781386     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
Meat is an important source of protein and a valuable commodity in resource-poor communities. In many developing countries, lack of appropriate slaughtering facilities and unsatisfactory slaughtering techniques are causing unnecessary losses of meat as well as invaluable by-products from animal carcasses. Slaughtering places are frequently contaminated and may not be protected against dogs, rodents and insects. Meat products coming from such conditions are often deteriorated due to bacterial infection or contaminated, which may cause food poisoning or diseases in consumers. In many developing countries, regulations concerning meat inspection and/or control are inadequate or non-existent allowing consumers to be exposed to pathogens including zoonotic parasites. In Nepal, buffaloes contribute about 64% of the meat consumed, followed by goat meat (20%), pork (7%), poultry (6%) and mutton (2%). Goat and poultry meat is acceptable to all castes of people while buffalo meat is consumed mainly by the Newar ethnic group. Previously, pork was consumed only by people belonging to low castes, however, in recent years, the consumption of pork has increased in higher castes as the caste system has become more relaxed. Until recently, there were no official meat inspection regulations in the country, however, in 1999, the national government legislated an as-yet-to-be implemented Animal Slaughtering and Meat Inspection Act which mandates slaughterhouse construction and meat inspection and control. Due to the lack of implementation of the Meat Inspection Act and resultant absence of meat inspection, meat from sick or parasite-infected animals is serving as a source of infection to humans as well as other animals. In addition, meat quality is adversely affected by careless handling conditions in the slaughtering places as well as in the meat markets or shops. For improvement in animal slaughtering and meat inspection in both rural and urban areas of Nepal, several strategies are to be recommended. Sustainable capacity building should be introduced including training of veterinarians, meat inspectors and butchers as well as building of slaughter facilities. Government policies on slaughter procedures including ante-mortem examination, meat inspection and stamping of meat should be implemented. Programmes should be instituted with strong focus on prevention and control of meat-borne diseases to reduce infection risk of consumers and meat handlers and to avoid contamination of the environment. Lastly, emphasis should be put on improving the animal husbandry system in Nepal. These same actions can be undertaken in other developing countries to assist with improving meat inspection and control, thus helping with prevention and control of cysticercosis as well as other important meat-borne diseases.
Authors:
Durga Datt Joshi; Mahendra Maharjan; Maria Vang Johansen; Arve Lee Willingham; Minu Sharma
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't; Review    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Acta tropica     Volume:  87     ISSN:  0001-706X     ISO Abbreviation:  Acta Trop.     Publication Date:  2003 Jun 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2003-06-03     Completed Date:  2003-08-19     Revised Date:  2007-11-15    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0370374     Medline TA:  Acta Trop     Country:  Netherlands    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  119-27     Citation Subset:  IM    
Affiliation:
National Zoonoses and Food Hygiene Research Centre, Tahachal, Kathmandu, Nepal. ddjoshi@healthnet.org.np
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Animals
Animals, Domestic
Cysticercosis / prevention & control
Food Inspection / methods,  standards*
Health Resources
Humans
Meat Products* / classification,  microbiology,  supply & distribution
Meat-Packing Industry / legislation & jurisprudence,  organization & administration,  standards
Nepal
Poverty
Practice Guidelines as Topic
Residence Characteristics
Zoonoses / epidemiology,  microbiology,  transmission*

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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