Document Detail


Improving Anammox start-up with bamboo charcoal.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  22921643     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
Three Upflow Anaerobic Sludge Blanket (UASB) reactors were compared for Anammox enrichment using synthetic wastewater with Spherical Plastic (SP) and Bamboo Charcoal (BC) addition, and without carrier (CK). After four months of operation, the Anammox activity occurred in all reactors allowing continuous removal of ammonium and nitrite. Ammonium and nitrite removal efficiencies were all higher than 98% in steady phase with the effluent concentrations below 1mgL(-1). The start-up time could be shortened from 117 to 97d in CK and SP reactor to 85d in BC amendment reactor. Quantitative PCR (q-PCR) analyses indicated a significant increase in the number of Anammox bacteria in BC amended reactor as compared with CK and SP during the entire start-up periods. The copy numbers of Anammox of 16SrRNA gene in the reactor with BC amendment could reach up to 6×10(9)copiesg(-1) Volatile Suspended Solids, around 22.5times and 12.3times greater than that in CK and SP reactor, respectively. BC addition could accelerate the start-up of Anammox and significantly increase the Anammox bacteria number.
Authors:
Chong-Jun Chen; Xiao-Xiao Huang; Chen-Xiao Lei; Wei-Jing Zhu; Ying-Xu Chen; Wei-Xiang Wu
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Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2012-8-22
Journal Detail:
Title:  Chemosphere     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1879-1298     ISO Abbreviation:  Chemosphere     Publication Date:  2012 Aug 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2012-8-27     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0320657     Medline TA:  Chemosphere     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
Copyright Information:
Copyright © 2012 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
Affiliation:
Institute of Environmental Science and Technology, Zhejiang University, Hangzhou 310029, PR China.
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