Document Detail

Improvements in walking speed experienced by elders participating in a cardiovascular exercise program.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  17381850     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
PURPOSE: The purpose of this retrospective investigation was to determine: (1) whether a cardiovascular exercise program was capable of improving treadmill gait speed of elderly individuals, and (2) if such an improvement was associated with specific determinants. METHODS: Twenty residents of a retirement community were assessed at baseline and followed up after approximately 1 year (mean=10.7 +/- 1.1 months) of participation in a prescribed cardiovascular exercise program. On each individual's initial visit, self-regulated walking time for one-quarter mile on a Star Trac 4500 motorized treadmill with no incline was recorded. Individuals were then placed on a cardiovascular exercise program that emphasized walking, which they performed 3 to 5 sessions/week for 20 to 30 minutes/session. At follow-up, individuals repeated the one quarter-mile treadmill walk, and times were compared to those obtained on the initial visit. RESULTS: Mean walking treadmill times decreased significantly (p < 0.05) from 7.7 +/- 2.7 minutes to 5.7 +/- 2.1 minutes, with both male and female participants showing similar changes. Baseline walk time and change in walk time at follow-up were highly correlated (r = .682/p < .0001), but participants with slower baseline walk times showed the greatest gains. Participant age was also correlated to change in walk time (r = .389/p = .045). CONCLUSION: All program participants showed some degree of improvement in walking speed, suggesting that benefits may be applicable to a wide range of elderly groups. However, individuals with the slowest baseline walk times demonstrated the greatest improvement.
K Jackson Thomas; Mark Pilon; Katharine Hendrix
Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Journal of geriatric physical therapy (2001)     Volume:  29     ISSN:  1539-8412     ISO Abbreviation:  J Geriatr Phys Ther     Publication Date:  2006  
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2007-03-26     Completed Date:  2007-04-20     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  101142169     Medline TA:  J Geriatr Phys Ther     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  87-91     Citation Subset:  IM    
Department of Rehabilitation Sciences/CHP, 151 Rutledge Avenue, Building B, PO Box 250965, Charleston, SC 29425, USA.
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MeSH Terms
Aged, 80 and over
Exercise Test
Geriatric Assessment
Retrospective Studies
Time Factors

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