Document Detail


Improvement of symptoms in patients with sick sinus syndrome by spontaneous development of stable atrial fibrillation.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  836729     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
Fifty-six patients with symptomatic chronic sinus bradycardia because of sick sinus syndrome (SSS) were followed for periods from one month to 11 years (average 3-2 years). Eleven developed stable atrial fibrillation persisting for 8 to 61 months; 52 had permanent demand pacemakers implanted before atrial fibrillation commenced. In the 11 patients with atrial fibrillation, 10 had adequate ventricular rate, 8 with rates greater than 100 beats/min requiring digoxin for rate control. The 8 patients with atrial fibrillation with pacemakers remained asymptomatic for 13 to 18 months without requiring reimplantation; battery failure occurred in 2 whose rapid ventricular rates were controlled by digoxin. In the other 6 patients with pacemakers who developed atrial fibrillation, adequate ventricular rates persisted resulting in overdrive suppression. No patient had systemic embolisation. The previous duration of symptomatic sinus bradycardia was longer in patients developing atrial fibrillation (average 5-5 years) compared (P less than 0-01) with patients without atrial fibrillation (1-9 years). Further, premature atrial contractions occurred in all 11 patients before atrial fibrillation in contrast to only 21 of the 45 patients without atrial fibrillation. It is concluded that occurrence of atrial fibrillation in SSS with symptomatic sinus bradycardia provides a natural cure of symptoms caused by bradycardia. These data indicate that permanent ventricular pacing may not be necessary if persistent atrial fibrillation develops in SSS.
Authors:
Z Vera; D T Mason; N A Awan; R R Miller; D Janzen; M J Tonkon; L A Vismara
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.    
Journal Detail:
Title:  British heart journal     Volume:  39     ISSN:  0007-0769     ISO Abbreviation:  Br Heart J     Publication Date:  1977 Feb 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  1977-04-28     Completed Date:  1977-04-28     Revised Date:  2009-11-18    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0370634     Medline TA:  Br Heart J     Country:  ENGLAND    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  160-7     Citation Subset:  AIM; IM    
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Aged
Arrhythmia, Sinus / complications,  therapy*
Atrial Fibrillation / complications
Bradycardia / complications,  therapy
Electrocardiography
Female
Humans
Male
Middle Aged
Pacemaker, Artificial
Remission, Spontaneous
Syndrome
Comments/Corrections

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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