Document Detail


Improvement of the probiotic effect of micro-organisms by their combination with maltodextrins, fructo-oligosaccharides and polyunsaturated fatty acids.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  12215187     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
Probiotics could represent an effective alternative to the use of synthetic substances in nutrition and medicine. The data concerning the efficacy of probiotics are often contradictory. This paper focuses on the enhancement of the efficacy of probiotics by their combination with synergistically acting components of natural origin. Maltodextrins can be obtained by enzymatic hydrolysis of starch and are suitable for consumption. Administration of Lactobacillus paracasei together with maltodextrin decreased the number of Escherichia coli colonising the jejunal mucosa of gnotobiotic piglets by 1 logarithm compared to the control group. Fructo-oligosaccharides (FOS) are naturally occurring oligosaccharides, mainly of plant origin. L. paracasei administered in combination with FOS significantly increased counts of Lactobacillus spp., Bifidobacterium spp., total anaerobes and total aerobes compared to the control group as well as the L. paracasei group. It also significantly decreased Clostridium and Enterobacterium counts in the faeces of the weanling piglets compared with the control group. Dietary lipids influence the gastrointestinal microbiota and specifically the population of lactic acid bacteria. In gnotobiotic piglets the oral administration of an oil containing polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFA) significantly increased the number of L. paracasei adhering to jejunal mucosa compared to the control group. Our results showed that maltodextrin KMS X-70 and PUFA can be used to enhance the effect of probiotic micro-organisms in the small intestine, and similarly FOS enhance the effect of probiotic micro-organisms in the large intestine.
Authors:
A Bomba; R Nemcová; S Gancarcíková; R Herich; P Guba; D Mudronová
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Review    
Journal Detail:
Title:  The British journal of nutrition     Volume:  88 Suppl 1     ISSN:  0007-1145     ISO Abbreviation:  Br. J. Nutr.     Publication Date:  2002 Sep 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2002-09-06     Completed Date:  2002-11-08     Revised Date:  2006-04-13    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0372547     Medline TA:  Br J Nutr     Country:  England    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  S95-9     Citation Subset:  IM    
Affiliation:
Research Institute of Veterinary Medicine, Hlinkova 1/A, 040 01, Slovak Republic. bomba@vuvm.sk
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Animals
Dietary Carbohydrates / therapeutic use*
Dietary Fats, Unsaturated / therapeutic use*
Fatty Acids, Unsaturated / therapeutic use
Humans
Intestines / microbiology*
Oligosaccharides / therapeutic use
Polysaccharides / therapeutic use
Probiotics / therapeutic use*
Swine
Chemical
Reg. No./Substance:
0/Dietary Carbohydrates; 0/Dietary Fats, Unsaturated; 0/Fatty Acids, Unsaturated; 0/Idolax; 0/Oligosaccharides; 0/Polysaccharides; 9050-36-6/maltodextrin

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