Document Detail


Improvement in quality of life of an oncological patient by laser phototherapy.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  18800946     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
OBJECTIVE AND BACKGROUND DATA: Common side effects of radiotherapy (RT) to the head and neck include oral mucositis, xerostomia, and severe pain. The aim of this study is to report improvement in the quality of life of an oncological patient by laser phototherapy (LPT).
CLINICAL CASE AND LASER PHOTOTHERAPY PROTOCOL: The patient, a 15-year-old girl diagnosed with mucoepidermoid carcinoma, underwent surgical excision of a tumor of the left palatomaxilla. After that, she was subjected to 35 sessions of RT (2 Gy/d). Clinical examination revealed the spread of severe ulcerations to the jugal mucosa, gums, lips, hard palate, and tongue (WHO mucositis score 3). She had difficulty in moving her tongue and she was unable to eat any solid food. Oral hygiene orientation and LPT were performed throughout all RT sessions. A continuous diode laser, 660 nm, 40 mW, 6 J/cm(2), 0.24 J per point in contact mode, with spot size of 0.04 cm(2) was used in the entire oral cavity. A high-power diode laser at 1 W, 10 sec per cm of mucositis, approximately 10 J/cm(2), was used in defocused mode only on ulcerative lesions. After the first laser irradiation session, decreases in pain and xerostomia were reported; however, a more significant improvement was seen after five sessions. At that point although the mucositis score was still 2, the patient reported that she was free of pain, and consequently a palatine plate could be made to rehabilitate the entire surgical area. Seventeen laser irradiation sessions were necessary to eliminate all oral mucositis lesions.
CONCLUSION: Normal oral function and consequent improvements in the quality of life of this oncologic patient were observed with LPT.
Authors:
Luana Campos; Alyne Simões; Pedro Henrique Rosário Nogueira Sá; Carlos De Paula Eduardo
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Case Reports; Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Photomedicine and laser surgery     Volume:  27     ISSN:  1557-8550     ISO Abbreviation:  Photomed Laser Surg     Publication Date:  2009 Apr 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2009-04-22     Completed Date:  2009-07-02     Revised Date:  2013-11-06    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  101222340     Medline TA:  Photomed Laser Surg     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  371-4     Citation Subset:  IM    
Affiliation:
Oral Biology Research Center, Department of Biomaterials and Oral Biochemistry, School of Dentistry, University of São Paulo, São Paulo, Brazil.
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Adolescent
Carcinoma, Mucoepidermoid / radiotherapy,  surgery,  therapy*
Female
Head and Neck Neoplasms / radiotherapy,  surgery,  therapy*
Humans
Laser Therapy, Low-Level*
Maxillary Neoplasms / radiotherapy,  surgery,  therapy
Oral Ulcer / etiology,  radiotherapy
Palatal Neoplasms / radiotherapy,  surgery,  therapy
Quality of Life
Radiotherapy / adverse effects*
Stomatitis / etiology,  radiotherapy*
Xerostomia / etiology,  radiotherapy

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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