Document Detail

Improvement in the face/name association performance after three months of physical training in elderly women.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  17072072     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Several lines of evidence suggest that physical exercise not only influences the development of muscles, cardiovascular and respiratory systems, but also exerts a significant influence on the central nervous system. We examined the influence of strength and endurance training on cognitive performance in 33 healthy elderly volunteers (women, mean age 63.5 +/-4.5 yr) over a 3-month period of supervised training program. A control group consisted of 8 age-matched (mean age 66.3 +/-4.6) healthy volunteers who did not participate in any exercise training program. To evaluate the cognitive performance in our subjects we used two tests: face/name association test and Stroop test. The tests were applied shortly before and immediately after the training program. In the experimental group, a significant improvement in the association test performance, on average, from 71.6 +/-7.3% to 79.7 +/-7.2% (P<0.0001) was observed over the 3-month training period. There were no changes in the Stroop test results over the same time. Likewise, there were no changes in the control groups. Our data demonstrate that the training regime that is strictly followed over a relatively short period of time may improve the performance in associative memory tasks in elderly subjects. The study supports the notion that physical exercise influences cognitive performance and extend this notion to be valid for healthy elderly subjects.
P Zlomanczuk; B Milczarek; K Dmitruk; W Sikorski; W Adamczyk; T Zegarski; M Tafil-Klawe; G Chesy; J J Klawe; A Rakowski
Publication Detail:
Type:  Controlled Clinical Trial; Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Journal of physiology and pharmacology : an official journal of the Polish Physiological Society     Volume:  57 Suppl 4     ISSN:  1899-1505     ISO Abbreviation:  J. Physiol. Pharmacol.     Publication Date:  2006 Sep 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2006-10-30     Completed Date:  2007-12-19     Revised Date:  2008-05-19    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  9114501     Medline TA:  J Physiol Pharmacol     Country:  Poland    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  417-24     Citation Subset:  IM    
Department of Neuroimmunology, Collegium Medicum in Bydgoszcz, Nicolaus Copernicus University in Toruń, Poland.
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MeSH Terms
Aging / physiology,  psychology
Exercise / psychology*
Memory, Short-Term*
Middle Aged

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