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Improvement in angiographic cerebral vasospasm after intra-arterial verapamil administration.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  20705701     Owner:  NLM     Status:  In-Process    
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Endovascular options for therapy for patients with vasospasm after SAH include angioplasty and intra-arterial vasodilator infusion. Preliminary studies of the effects of the calcium channel antagonist verapamil on angiographic vasospasm have yielded mixed and/or qualitative results. In this study, improvement in angiographic vasospasm after intra-arterial verapamil administration is demonstrated with quantitative, blinded methods.
MATERIALS AND METHODS: This retrospective observational case series includes 12 patients with vasospasm after SAH who collectively received 16 treatments with intra-arterial verapamil during a 2-year period at our institution. The exclusion criterion was concurrent treatment with angioplasty. Blinded reviewers quantitatively evaluated angiograms from each patient and/or treatment after presentation with SAH and before and after intra-arterial treatment of vasospasm.
RESULTS: Patients were treated with intra-arterial verapamil for vasospasm 9 ± 4 days after SAH with a range from 1 to 16 days. For the 34 arterial distributions treated, the segment with the worst angiographic vasospasm from each arterial distribution averaged 51 ± 13% stenosis, which improved to 29 ± 18% stenosis (P < .001). There was no significant difference in treatment effect in proximal arterial segments, which may be amenable to angioplasty, compared with distal segments (P > .05). There was no significant difference in treatment effect in arterial segments previously subjected to angioplasty compared with other segments (P > .05).
CONCLUSIONS: Intra-arterially administered verapamil improves angiographic vasospasm after SAH when administered at 10 ± 3 mg per arterial distribution. Optimal dose, infusion rate, and retreatment interval remain to be determined. Randomized controlled trials are needed to prove efficacy in the treatment of clinical vasospasm.
J V Sehy; W E Holloway; S-P Lin; D T Cross; C P Derdeyn; C J Moran
Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article     Date:  2010-08-12
Journal Detail:
Title:  AJNR. American journal of neuroradiology     Volume:  31     ISSN:  1936-959X     ISO Abbreviation:  AJNR Am J Neuroradiol     Publication Date:  2010 Nov 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2010-11-22     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8003708     Medline TA:  AJNR Am J Neuroradiol     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  1923-8     Citation Subset:  IM    
Mallinckrodt Institute of Radiology, Washington University School of Medicine, St. Louis, Missouri, USA.
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