Document Detail

Improvement of impaired microcirculation and tissue oxygenation by hemodilution with hydroxyethyl starch plus cell-free hemoglobin in acute porcine pancreatitis.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  16534248     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
AIMS: To avoid the progression from mild edematous acute pancreatitis (AP) to the severe necrotizing form, one therapeutic option is to improve pancreatic microcirculation and tissue oxygenation. The aim of the study was to evaluate the influence of improved rheology (isovolemic hemodilution) plus enhanced oxygen supply (bovine hemoglobin HBOC-301) on pancreatic microcirculation, tissue oxygenation and survival in severe acute experimental pancreatitis. METHODS: Severe AP was induced in 39 pigs (25-30 kg BW) by stimulation with intravenous administration of cerulein plus a pressure- and volume-controlled 10-min intraductal infusion of glycodeoxycholic acid. Seventy-five minutes after induction of AP, animals were randomized and hemodiluted isovolemically (PAOP constant) with either 10% hydroxyethyl starch (HES) 200,000/0.5 plus HBOC-301 (+0.6 g/dl plasmatic hemoglobin; Oxyglobin, Biopure, Cambridge, Mass., USA), or 10% HES 200,000/0.5, or Ringer's solution to a hematocrit of 15%. Hemodynamics, oxygen transport parameters, pancreatic microcirculation and tissue oxygen tension were evaluated over 6 h. Then the abdomen was closed, animals were extubated and observed for 6 days. After that, the surviving animals were sacrificed and specimens were taken from the pancreas. The histopathologic findings were scored by two blinded pathologists who quantified acinar necrosis, fat necrosis, inflammation and edema. RESULTS: Isovolemic hemodilution with HES plus HBOC-301 reduced mortality and preserved pancreatic microcirculation compared with Ringer's solution, but was not significantly different from hemodilution with HES alone. Only treatment with HES plus HBOC-301 normalized pancreatic tissue oxygen tension compared with IHD with HES or Ringer's solution alone. CONCLUSIONS: IHD with HES plus HBOC-301 as a combination of rheologic and O(2)-delivering therapy may represent a novel therapeutic option for treatment of AP.
Marc Freitag; Thomas G Standl; Helge Kleinhans; André Gottschalk; Oliver Mann; Christian Rempf; Kai Bachmann; Andreas Gocht; Susan Petri; Jakob R Izbicki; Tim Strate
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article     Date:  2006-03-09
Journal Detail:
Title:  Pancreatology : official journal of the International Association of Pancreatology (IAP) ... [et al.]     Volume:  6     ISSN:  1424-3903     ISO Abbreviation:  Pancreatology     Publication Date:  2006  
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2006-07-19     Completed Date:  2006-08-23     Revised Date:  2007-11-15    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  100966936     Medline TA:  Pancreatology     Country:  Switzerland    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  232-9     Citation Subset:  IM    
Department of Anesthesiology, University Hospital Hamburg-Eppendorf, Hamburg, Germany.
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MeSH Terms
Acute Disease
Cell-Free System
Hemodilution / methods*
Hemoglobins / therapeutic use*
Hetastarch / therapeutic use*
Microcirculation / drug effects*
Pancreas / blood supply
Pancreatitis / pathology,  physiopathology*,  therapy*
Pancreatitis, Acute Necrotizing / pathology,  prevention & control
Reg. No./Substance:
0/Hemoglobins; 9005-27-0/Hetastarch

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine

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