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Improvement of heart iron with preserved patterns of iron store by CMR-guided chelation therapy.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  25246505     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
AIMS: [Formula: see text] multislice multiecho cardiac magnetic resonance (CMR) allows quantification of the segmental distribution of myocardial iron overload (MIO). We evaluated whether a preferential pattern MIO was preserved between two CMR scans in regularly chelated thalassaemia major (TM) patients.
METHODS AND RESULTS: We evaluated prospectively 259 TM patients enrolled in the MIO in Thalassaemia (MIOT) network with a CMR follow-up (FU) study at 18 ± 3 months and significant MIO at baseline. The [Formula: see text] in the 16 segments and the global value were calculated. Four main circumferential regions (anterior, septal, inferior and lateral) were defined. We identified two groups: severe (n = 80, global [Formula: see text] <10 ms) and mild-moderate MIO (n = 179, global [Formula: see text] = 10-26 ms). Based on the CMR reports, 56.4% of patients changed the chelation regimen. For each group, there was a significant improvement in the global heart as well as in regional [Formula: see text] values (P < 0.0001). At the baseline, the mean [Formula: see text] value over the anterior region was significantly lower than the values over the other regions, and the mean [Formula: see text] over the inferior region was significantly lower than the values over the septal and the lateral regions. The same pattern was present at the FU, with a little difference for patients with mild-moderate MIO.
CONCLUSION: A preferential pattern of iron store in anterior and inferior regions was present at both CMRs, with an increment of [Formula: see text] values at FU due to a baseline CMR-guided chelation therapy. The anterior region seems the region in which the iron accumulates first and is removed later.
Antonella Meloni; Vincenzo Positano; Giovan Battista Ruffo; Anna Spasiano; Domenico Giuseppe D'Ascola; Angelo Peluso; Petra Keilberg; Gennaro Restaino; Gianluca Valeri; Stefania Renne; Massimo Midiri; Alessia Pepe
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Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2014-9-21
Journal Detail:
Title:  European heart journal cardiovascular Imaging     Volume:  -     ISSN:  2047-2412     ISO Abbreviation:  Eur Heart J Cardiovasc Imaging     Publication Date:  2014 Sep 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2014-9-23     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  2014-9-24    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  101573788     Medline TA:  Eur Heart J Cardiovasc Imaging     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
Copyright Information:
Published on behalf of the European Society of Cardiology. All rights reserved. © The Author 2014. For permissions please email:
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